Marlin Model 1894

The Marlin Model 1894 is a lever-action repeating rifle introduced in 1894 by the Marlin Firearms Company of North Haven, Connecticut. At its introduction the rifle came with a 24-inch barrel and was chambered for a variety of pistol rounds such as .25-20 Winchester, .32-20 Winchester, .38-40, and .44-40. Variants in other chamberings remain in production today.

Marlin Model 1894
Class Manportable
Type Rifles
Manufacturer Marlin Firearms
Origin United States of America
Country Name Origin Year
United States of America 1894
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
United States of America View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Marlin Firearms 1894 View

Marlin produced its first lever-action repeating rifle as the Model 1881, made for powerful hunting rounds. This was followed by the Model 1888 which was a top-eject action like the 1881 with several improvements, most important was the incorporation of a locking lug locking the breech. The designer and patentee of the Model 1888 and subsequent Marlin lever action rifles (including the Model 1894) up to the Model 1897 was L.L. Hepburn (Lewis Hepburn). It was chambered in the WCF (Winchester centerfire) family of cartridges originally developed for the Winchester 1873 rifle: .44 WCF, .38 WCF, and .32 WCF (also known as the .44/40, .38/40, and .32/20). The Model 1889 that followed was the first lever-action rifle to have a solid top with side ejection of spent cartridges. This model was chambered for the same cartridges as the 1888. Design improvements to the Model 1889, such as a one-piece trigger and a two-piece firing pin to prevent the rifle from firing unless the finger lever was fully closed or if the locking lug were missing, resulted in the Model 1894. Additionally, the finger lever lock of the Model 1889 was eliminated on the Model 1894 and replaced by a latch built into the lever itself. This model was chambered in the same calibers with the addition of the .25/20 and later .218 Bee. With the popularity of magnum revolver cartridges in the 1960s, in 1969 Marlin produced a short-action Model 1894 that was designed for modern high-pressure .44 Magnum cartridges. Marlin had briefly manufactured its Model 336 chambered for the .44 magnum cartridge. However, after a few years of development Marlin reintroduced the model 1894. In the 1970s, Marlin added the Model 1894C/CS in 1979 .357 Magnum, and released a version in .41 Magnum in 1984.

In the mid-1990s, Marlin changed the .357 and .44 barrels from 12-groove-or-more "Micro-Groove" rifling to 6-groove "Ballard"-style rifling.

Type Carbine
Place of origin United States
Production history
Designer John Mahlon Marlin
Designed 1894
Manufacturer Marlin Firearms
Produced 1894–present
Weight 6 lbs (2.72 kg)
6.5 lbs (2.95 kg)
Length 36 in (914 mm)
37.5 in (952 mm)
39.5 in (1003 mm)
Barrel length 18.5 in (470 mm)
20 in (508 mm)
22 in (559 mm)
Cartridge .32-20 Winchester
.32 H&R Magnum
.38 Special
.357 Magnum
.41 Magnum
.44-40 Winchester
.44 Special
.44 Magnum
Action Lever action
Feed system 6-, 9-, or 10-shot tubular magazine
Sights Adjustable rear, ramped front

End notes