Remington M1867

The Model 1867 Remington rolling block rifle was the first rifle using metallic cartridges to be adopted by the Swedish and Norwegian armies. Nominally it had a caliber of 4 decimal lines, but the actual caliber was 4.1 Swedish decimal lines or 3.88 Norwegian decimal lines (12.17 mm), and it fired a rimfire round with a 12.615 mm (.497 in) lead bullet. The 12.17 mm caliber was chosen because the Swedish army had approximately 30,000 new muzzle-loading Model 1860 and breech-loading Model 1864 rifles in 12.17 mm caliber in stock, rifles that were suitable for conversion to Model 1867 rolling block rifles. With the exception of the first 10,000 rifles and 20,000 actions (for conversions of older rifles), which were made by Remington in the US, all Model 1867 Remington rolling block rifles and carbines were made under license in Sweden and Norway, by Carl Gustafs stads Gevärsfaktori and Husqvarna Vapenfabriks Aktiebolag in Sweden and by Kongsberg Vaapenfabrik in Norway, with the two Swedish manufacturers producing about 80% of the weapons.

Remington M1867
Class Manportable
Type Rifles
Manufacturer Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace
Origin Norway
Country Name Origin Year
Norway 1867
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Norway View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace View
The Remington rolling block M1867 was the first truly modern rifle to be adopted by the Norwegian Army. Nominally it had a caliber of 4 Norwegian decimal lines, the actual caliber was 3.88 Norwegian decimal lines (12.17 mm), and it fired an 12.615 mm (4.021 Norwegian decimal lines) rimfire round.In the 1860s the Norwegian military realized that the standard riflethe breechloading, percussion-fired Kammerlader (chamber-loader)was rapidly becoming obsolete in the face of the new metal cartridge combining bullet, primer and propellant load (first produced by Smith & Wesson in 1858). In early October 1866, a Norwegian/Swedish rifle commission was established in order to select a suitable cartridge and rifle for the two nations. Several different cartridges and rifles were considered by the commission.After various tests, including repeated firings, it was clear that the needle guns were not particularly well-suited. These - along with the repeating rifles - were dropped from further testing. Further testing - which included test firing by previously untrained troops - showed that both the Peabody and the Remington was suitable for issuing to the field army. In the end, the commission based their decision on price and complexity. The Remington totalled a mere 25 parts to the Peabody\'s 37, and both the Norwegian and Swedish militaries adopted the Remington as their standard rifle on 22 November 1867.A grand total of 58,450 Remington M1867 were delivered to the Norwegian Armed Forces from 1867 until 1883. All production rifles were meant to be manufactured at Kongsberg Small Arms in Norway, but since the factory needed to be upgraded with more modern machinery, the first rifles delivered to the Norwegian Army were manufactured in Sweden.
Weight4,32 kg, 9.6 lb
Length1355 mm, 53.35 in
Barrellength951 mm, 37.44 in
Cartridge12.17x44 mm rimfire (original rifle)8x58R rimmed centerfire (modified carbines)
ActionRolling block
Muzzlevelocity385 m/s, 1.260 ft/s
Effectiverange900 m, 3000 ft
SightsV-notch and front post

End notes