Škorpion vz. 61

The Škorpion vz. 61 is a Czechoslovak 7.65 mm submachine gun developed in 1959 by Miroslav Rybář (1924–1970) and produced under the official designation Samopal vzor 61 ("submachine gun model 1961") by the Česká zbrojovka arms factory in Uherský Brod from 1961 to 1979.

Although it was developed for use with security forces and special forces, the weapon was also accepted into service with the Czechoslovak Army, as a personal sidearm for lower-ranking army staff, vehicle drivers, armoured vehicle personnel and special forces. Currently the weapon is in use with the armed forces of several countries as a sidearm. The Škorpion was also licence-built in Yugoslavia, designated M84. It features a synthetic pistol grip compared to the original version. A civilian, semi-automatic version was also produced, known as the M84A, also available in .380 ACP (9×17mm Short).

Škorpion vz. 61
Class Manportable
Type Handguns
Manufacturer Ceska zbrojovka Uhersky Brod
Production Period 1961 - 1979
Origin Czechoslovakia
Country Name Origin Year
Czechoslovakia 1961
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Afghanistan View
Angola View
Czechoslovakia 1961 View
Egypt View
Indonesia View
Iraq View
Libya View
Mongolia View
Singapore View
Uganda View
Yugoslavia (Serbia) View
Slovakia View
Czech Republic View
Mozambique View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Ceska zbrojovka Uhersky Brod 1961 1979 View
Zastava Arms 1961 1979 View

The Škorpion was developed in the late 1950s by Miroslav Rybár with the working name "model 59". The design was finalized in 1961 and named "Samopal Vz. 61". It was subsequently adopted by the Czechoslovak Army and security forces, and later exported to various countries. Yugoslavia produced a version under license. It was also used by armed groups, including the Irish Republican Army, Irish National Liberation Army and the Italian Red Brigades. The latter used the Škorpion in the 1978 kidnapping of Aldo Moro and was used to kill Moro. In the 1990s the Gang de Roubaix used the Škorpion in a series of attacks in France.

Type Submachine gun
Place of origin Czechoslovakia
Service history
In service 1961–present
Wars Vietnam war, Bosnian War
Production history
Designer Miroslav Rybár
Designed 1959
Manufacturer Ceská zbrojovka Uherský Brod, Zastava Arms
Produced 1961 – 1979
Number built Approx. 200,000
Weight 1.30 kg (2.87 lb) (vz. 61)
1.28 kg (2.8 lb) (vz. 61 E)
1.44 kg (3.2 lb) (vz. 82, vz. 83)
Length 517 mm (20.4 in) stock extended / 270 mm (10.6 in) stock folded
Barrel length 115 mm (4.5 in) (vz. 61, vz. 61 E)
113 mm (4.4 in) (vz. 82, vz. 83)
Width 43 mm (1.7 in) (vz. 61, vz. 61 E)
49 mm (1.9 in) (vz. 82, vz. 83)
Cartridge .32 ACP (7.65×17mm Browning SR) (vz. 61, vz. 61 E)
9×19mm Parabellum (vz. 68)
9×18mm Makarov (vz. 65, vz. 82)
.380 ACP (9×17mm Short) (vz. 64, vz. 83)
Action Blowback, closed bolt
Rate of fire 850 rounds/min (vz. 61, vz. 61 E)
900 rounds/min (vz. 82, vz. 83)
Muzzle velocity 320 m/s (1,050 ft/s) (vz. 61, vz. 61 E, vz. 82)
292 m/s (958.0 ft/s) (vz. 83)
Effective firing range 50–150 m[4] (vz. 61, .32 ACP)
Feed system 10 or 20-round curvedmagazine, straight box magazine in 9 mm variants
Sights Adjustable front post, flip-up rear sight
148 mm (5.8 in) sight radius

End notes