StG 44

The StG 44 (abbreviation of Sturmgewehr 44, "assault rifle 44") is a German selective-fire rifle developed during World War II that was the first of its kind to see major deployment and is considered to be the first modern assault rifle. It is also known under the designations MP 43 and MP 44 (Maschinenpistole 43, Maschinenpistole 44 respectively). The StG 44 was the first successful weapon of its class, and the concept had a major impact on modern infantry small arms development. By all accounts, the StG 44 fulfilled its role admirably, particularly on the Eastern Front, offering a greatly increased volume of fire compared to standard infantry rifles and greater range than submachine guns. In the end, it came too late to have a significant effect on the outcome of the war.

StG 44
Class Manportable
Type Rifles
Manufacturer Haenel
Origin Germany
Country Name Origin Year
Germany 1943
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Argentina View
Czechoslovakia View
Germany 1943 1945 View
Hungary View
Poland View
Russia (USSR) View
Syria View
Yugoslavia (Serbia) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Haenel View
Steyr-Daimler-Puch View

Type Assault rifle
Place of origin Germany
Service history
In service 1943–May 1945 (Nazi Germany)

Wars World War II
Korean War
Algerian War
Vietnam War (Limited)
Ogaden War (Limited)
Iraq War
Syrian Civil War
Production history
Designer Hugo Schmeisser
Designed 1942
Manufacturer C. G. Haenel Waffen und Fahrradfabrik
Produced September 1943-May 1945
Number built 425977
Variants Mkb 42(H), Mkb 42(W), Mp 43, Mp 44
Weight 4.6 kg (10 lb) unloaded with magazine / 5.13 kg (11.3 lb) loaded
Length 94 cm (37 in)
Barrel length 42 cm (16.5 in)
Cartridge 7.92×33mm Kurz, (aka. 7.9mm Kurz or Pistolenpatrone 43)
Action Gas-operated, tilting bolt, full auto or semi-auto
Rate of fire 550–600 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 685 m/s (2,247 ft/s)
Effective firing range 300 m (automatic) 600 m (semi-automatic)
Feed system 30-round detachable boxmagazine
Sights Adjustable sights, rear: V-notch; front: hooded post

End notes