Steyr-Mannlicher Model 1895

The Mannlicher M1895 (German: Infanterie Repetier-Gewehr M.95, Hungarian: Gyalogsági Ismétlő Puska M95; "Infantry Repeating-Rifle M95") is a bolt-action rifle, designed by Ferdinand Ritter von Mannlicher that used a refined version of his revolutionary straight-pull action bolt, much like the Mannlicher M1890 carbine. It was nicknamed the Ruck-Zu(rü)ck (German slang for "back and forth") by Austrian troops and "Ta-Pum" by Italian troops who even wrote a song about it during The Great War.

The M1895 is unusual in employing a straight-pull bolt action, as opposed to the more common rotating bolt-handle of other rifles. It consequently renowned for combining a high rate of fire (around 30–35 rounds per minute) with reliability and sturdiness, although this requires decent care and maintenance with an extractor that is vulnerable to breakage due to a lack of primary extraction.

Originally they were chambered for the round-nosed 8×50mmR cartridge, but almost all were rechambered to accept the more powerful spitzer 8×56mmR cartridge in the 1930s.


Steyr-Mannlicher Model 1895
Class Manportable
Type Rifles
Manufacturer Steyr Mannlicher
Origin Austria
Country Name Origin Year
Austria 1895
Hungary 1895
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Austria View
Hungary View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Steyr Mannlicher View
It was initially adopted and employed by the Austro-Hungarian Army throughout World War I, and retained post-war by both the Austrian and Hungarian armies. The main foreign user was Bulgaria, which, starting in 1903, acquired large numbers and continued using them throughout both Balkan and World Wars. After Austria-Hungary's defeat in World War I, many were given to other Balkan states as war reparations. A number of these rifles also saw use in World War II, particularly by second line, reservist, and partisan units in Romania, Yugoslavia, Italy, and to lesser degree, Germany. Post war many were sold as cheap surplus, with some finding their way to the hands of African guerrillas in the 1970s and many more being exported to the United States as sporting and collectible firearms. The M1895 bolt also served as an almost exact template for the ill-fated Canadian M1905 Ross rifle, though the later M1910 used a complicated interrupted-thread instead of two solid lugs.

Variants

  • Rifle
  • Stutzen
  • Carbine
  • Sniper rifle


Weight - M95 long rifle: 3.8 kg (8.36 lb) emptyM95/30 rifle: 3.36 kg (7.392 lb) empty

Length - M95: 1272 mm (50.12 in)M95/30: 1000 mm (39.4 in)

Barrel length - M95: 765 mm (30.14 in)M95/30: 480 mm (18.91 in)

Cartridge - 8x50mmR, 8x56mmR, 7.92x57mm

Caliber - 8 mm caliber

Action - Bolt-action

Feed system - 5-round en-bloc clip (stripper clip in M95/24 and M95M rifles), internal box magazine

End notes