Vickers machine gun

The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled .303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army. The machine gun typically required a six to eight-man team to operate: one fired, one fed the ammunition, the rest helped to carry the weapon, its ammunition and spare parts. It was in service from before the First World War until the 1960s, with air-cooled versions of it on many Allied World War I fighter aircraft.

Vickers machine gun
Class Manportable
Type Machine Guns
Manufacturer Vickers Limited
Production Period 1912 - 1968
Origin United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain)
Country Name Origin Year
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) 1912
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Angola 1966 1990 View
Korea 1950 1953 View
Lebanon 1948 1949 View
Pakistan 1947 1949 View
Paraguay 1932 1935 View
United States of America 1914 1919 View
Congo 1960 1965 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Vickers Limited 1912 1968 View
The Vickers machine gun was based on the successful Maxim gun of the late 19th century. After purchasing the Maxim company outright in 1896, Vickers took the design of the Maxim gun and improved it, reducing its weight by lightening and simplifying the action and substituting components made with high strength alloys. A muzzle booster was also added. 

The British Army formally adopted the Vickers gun as its standard machine gun on 26 November 1912, using it alongside their Maxims.

Use in aircraft: In 1913, a Vickers machine gun was mounted on the experimental Vickers E.F.B.1 biplane, which was probably the world's first purpose-built combat aeroplane. During World War I, the Vickers gun became a standard weapon on British and French military aircraft, especially after 1916. Although heavier than the Lewis, its closed bolt firing cycle made it much easier to synchronize to allow it to fire through aircraft propellers. 

Type Medium machine gun
Place of origin United Kingdom
Service history
In service 1912–1968
Used by Albania, Australia, Belgium Used in aircraft, Bolivia Used during the Chaco War, Canada, Ceylon, China, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, France, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Mexico, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Portugal, Union of South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, United Kingdom, United States
Wars World War I

Chaco War

World War II

Indo-Pakistan War of 1947

1948 Arab–Israeli War

Korean War

Congo Crisis

South African Border War
Production history
Designed 1912
Manufacturer Vickers
Produced 1912–1968
Weight 33–51 lb (15–23 kg) all-up
Length 3 ft 8 in (1.12 m)
Barrel length 28 in (720 mm)
Crew three man crew
Cartridge .303 British
Action recoil with gas boost
Rate of fire 450 to 500 round/min
Muzzle velocity 2440 ft/s (744 m/s)
Effective firing range 2,187 yd (2,000 m)
Maximum firing range 4,500 yd (4,100 m) indirect fire
Feed system 250-round canvas belt

End notes