Werndl–Holub rifle

The M1867 Werndl–Holub was a single-shot breechloading rifle that the Austro-Hungarian army adopted in 1867. It replaced the Wanzl breechloader conversion of the muzzle-loading Lorenz rifle. Josef Werndl (1831–1889) and Karel Holub (1830–1903) designed and patented their design; Werndl later bought out all the rights.

ŒWG (Österreichische Waffenfabriksgesellschaft) produced the Werndl and chambered it for the 11mm scharfe Patrone M.67[1] (11.15×42R) cartridge. In 1877 the military rechambered the Werndl for the bottleneck 11mm scharfe Patrone M.77 (11.15×58mmR) cartridge.

In spite of the Werndl being long obsolete by World War I, the Austro-Hungarian forces issued Werndl rifles to rear-echelon units to free up more modern rifles for use by front-line troops.

Werndl–Holub rifle
Class Manportable
Type Rifles
Manufacturer Steyr Mannlicher
Production Period 1867 - 1888
Origin Austria-Hungary
Country Name Origin Year
Austria-Hungary 1867
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Austria-Hungary 1867 1918 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Steyr Mannlicher 1867 1888 500000 View

Type Service rifle
Place of origin  Austria-Hungary
Service history
In service 1867–1918
Used by Austria-Hungary
Montenegro
Persia
Argentina (limited use)
Wars Herzegovina uprising (1882)
Balkan Wars
World War I (limited)
Production history
Designer Josef Werndl and Karel Holub
Designed 1860s
Manufacturer Steyr
Produced 1867–1888
Number built 500,000 (approx.)
Variants M1873
M67/77
M73/77
Extra-Corps Carbine
Finance-Gewehr Carbine
Cavalry Carbine
Specifications
Weight 9.65 lb (4.4 kg)
Length 50.4 in (128.0 cm)
Barrel length 33.3 in (84.6 cm)
Cartridge 11.15×42mmR (M1867)
11×58mmR (1877 Upgrade)
Caliber 11.15 mm
Action Rotating drum bolt
Feed system Single-shot breech-loading
Sights Iron sights

End notes