The Yasin anti-tank rocket launcher is a weapon developed by Hamas Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, named after the group\'s spiritual leader, Sheik Ahmed Yassin, who was assassinated by the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) on March 22, 2004. Apparently first used during the battle of Jabalya in October 2004, the Yasin was reportedly developed by Hamas engineers under the direction of Adnan al-Ghoul, assassinated in Gaza by the Israeli military on October 22, 2004. 

Country Name Origin Year
Gaza 2004
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Gaza View

At the end of 2005, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades released a video providing insights about the production of the Yasin antitank rocket launcher. The projectile is manufactured in two parts: the propellant is assembled in a cylindric tube, containing a solid fuel, and the head of the projectile is essentially made of metal, containing a yellow liquid explosive made from various chemicals. Folding wings are then added to the propeller and coated with a plastic envelope so that they will unfold upon firing of the rocket. The head of the projectile is then assembled with the propeller and a safety pin is added. The whole process is made with basic installations in metal workshops using rudimentary tools, but the conception and engineering of the weapon seems to attain a high degree of sophistication and professionalism given the means used. The launching tube is also manufactured by the so-called \"production units\" of the brigades, using roughly the model of the RPG-7 Russian rocket launcher. 

On June 19, 2005, an Israeli soldier was killed in the Gaza Strip by a rocket of this type near Rafah, and on October 2, 2005, a confrontation between Hamas and the Palestinian Police led to the death of the police commander of the Shati refugee camp in Gaza after a Yasin rocket struck the room where he was taking cover. Following the 2005 withdrawal from the Gaza Strip by Israel and the ensuing temporary truce observed by Hamas, it is widely believed that an amount of up to several thousands of Yasin projectiles were manufactured and stocked by Hamas by the end of that year. Israeli officials also expressed concerns over the fact that Hamas is trying to transfer knowledge and technology to make those rockets to its cells in the West Bank. On June 25, 2006, a number of Yasin rockets were used in the attack of an Israeli tank near the Gaza Strip border, resulting in the death of two soldiers, the injury of another, and the subsequent kidnapping of another.

Weight - 7 kg (15 lb)

Length - 95 cm (37\")

Crew - 1 or 2, depending on situation

Caliber - 40 mm (1.57\")

Muzzle velocity - 295 m/s

Effective range - 300 m

Sights - Iron sights. Infrared and night vision sights possible

End notes