9M120 Ataka

The 9M120 Ataka (Russian: Атака; Attack) is an anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) originating from the Soviet Union. The NATO reporting name of the 9M120 missile is the AT-9 Spiral-2. It is the next major generation in the 9K114 Shturm (AT-6 Spiral) family. The missile has radio command guidance and is also a Beam riding SACLOS. This missile's primary variant was designed to defeat tanks with composite armour and explosive reactive armor. The 9M120 Ataka system is often confused with the 9K121 Vikhr system, despite being different weapons systems developed by different companies. The former was designed by the KBM machine-builidng design bureau and manufactured by the Degtyarev plant. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Russia exported the Ataka ATGM to Iran, Kazakhstan, and Slovenia.

9M120 Ataka
Class Missile
Type Surface to Surface
Manufacturer V.A.Degtyarev Plant
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1985
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Brazil View
India View
Iran (Persia) View
Kazakhstan View
North Korea View
Russia (USSR) 1985 View
Slovenia View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
V.A.Degtyarev Plant 1980 View

The AT-9 missile was developed by the Kolomna engineering design bureau, located in Kolomna. This company already designed previous ATGMs, such as the AT-3 "Sagger" and AT-6 "Spiral" missiles. The design work began in the mid 1980s. The Ataka ATGM was designed as a successor model to the AT-6 "Spiral", which was introduced in the late 1970s. The AT-9 is a further development of the AT-6. Compared to its predecessor, the AT-9 is more resistant to electronic countermeasures, and has a greater hit accuracy and longer reach. The newly developed warhead allows for increased penetration power and effectiveness against explosive reactive armor. The first units were delivered in 1985 to the Soviet armed forces.

The missile has often been confused in the west with the 9A1472 Vikhr dual-purpose laser beam riding missile used on the Kamov helicopters and Sukhoi attack aircraft (as well as some Ukrainian Mi-24/35 upgrades). These systems are completely unrelated in their design and are in fierce competition.

Type Anti-tank guided missile
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1985–present
Used by See Operators
Production history
Designer KBM
Designed 1980
Manufacturer Degtyarev plant
Produced 1980s–present
Variants See Variants
Specifications (9M120 Ataka)
Weight 49.5 kg (109 lb)
Length 1,830 mm (72 in)
Diameter 130 mm (5.1 in)
Warhead HEAT Tandem warhead
Warhead weight 7.4 kg (16 lb)
Detonation mechanism Impact
Wingspan 360 mm (14 in)
Operational range 0.4–6 km (0.25–3.73 mi)
Flight ceiling 0–4,000 m (2.5 mi)
Speed 550 m/s (1,800 ft/s) (maximum)
400 m/s (1,300 ft/s) (average)
Guidance system Radio command link SACLOS
Accuracy 0.65–0.9 Hit probability against anMBT from a distance of 4 km.
Launch platform Armored fighting vehicles andhelicopters

End notes