Air-Sol Moyenne Portee

The Air-Sol Moyenne Portée (ASMP; medium-range air to surface missile) is a French nuclear air-launched cruise missile. In French nuclear doctrine it is called a "pre-strategic" weapon, the last-resort "warning shot" prior to a full-scale employment of strategic nuclear weapons. The missile's construction was contracted to Aérospatiale's Tactical Missile Division, now part of MBDA. The missile cost $600 million to develop.

ASMP entered service in May 1986, replacing the earlier free-fall AN-22 bomb on France's Dassault Mirage IV aircraft and the AN-52 bomb on Dassault Super Étendard. About 84 weapons are stockpiled. Carrier aircraft are the Dassault Mirage 2000N, Rafale, and Super Étendard; the earlier Mirage IVA was retired in 1996, although Mirage IVP photo reconnaissance aircraft continued in French Air Force service until 2005.

ASMP is 5.38 m long and weighs 860 kg. It is a supersonic standoff missile powered by a liquid fuel ramjet.[citation needed] It flies at Mach 2 to Mach 3, with a range between 80 km and 300 km depending on flight profile. Warhead is a single TN 81 with two yield options, 150 and 300 kt of TNT.

In 1991, 90 missiles and 80 warheads were reported to have been produced. By 2001, 60 were operational.

Air-Sol Moyenne Portee
Class Missile
Type Air to Air
Manufacturer Aerospatiale
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1986
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
France 1986 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Aerospatiale View

Type medium-range nuclear air-to-surface missile
Place of origin France
Service history
In service May 1986
Production history
Manufacturer Aérospatiale
Specifications
Weight 860 kg
Length 5.38 m
Diameter 300 mm
Warhead TN 81 nuclear warhead, 150 kt or 300 kt of TNT (variable yield)
Engine liquid-fuel ramjet
Operational
range
300 km (500+km for ASMP-A version)
Speed up to Mach 3
Launch
platform
Dassault Mirage IV, Dassault Mirage 2000N, Dassault Rafale, andDassault Super Étendard

End notes