ENTAC

ENTAC (ENgin Téléguidé Anti-Char) or MGM-32A was a French MCLOS wire-guided Anti-tank missile. Developed in the early 1950s, the weapon entered service with the French army in 1957. Production ended in 1974 after approximately 140,000 had been built.

Country Name Origin Year
France 1957
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Australia 1964 1982 View
Belgium 1961 View
Canada 1960 View
France 1957 View
India 1968 View
Indonesia 1963 View
Iran (Persia) 1966 View
Israel 1963 View
Lebanon 1966 View
Morocco 1977 View
South Africa 1975 View
United States of America 1968 View
Norway 1966 View

The missile was developed by the French Government agency - DTAT (Direction Technique des Armements Terrestres) at the same time as the private industry SS.10 Development time for the ENTAC was longer than the SS.10, so it did not enter service until 1957. It proved to be a great improvement over the SS.10, which had entered production five years earlier. Once fully developed and tested, production of the ENTAC was given to the firm of Aerospatiale. The ENTAC was designed to be a man portable weapon or operated from a small vehicle like the Jeep, replacing the Nord SS.10 in French service.

he missile is launched from a simple metal box, which is connected to an operator station. An individual operator station can control up to 10 launcher boxes. The operator manually steers the missile by means of a small joystick. These course corrections are transmitted to the missile via a thin set of wires that trail behind the missile - see MCLOS. Like many early ATGMs, the missile had a large minimum range (see AT-3 Sagger) due to the time it took to get up to flight speed and come under operator control.

Australia

Used from 1964 until 1982.

France

The missile first entered service in 1957. The ENTAC may have been used by France in small numbers during the 1960s and 1970s on peacekeeping operations.

India

ENTAC missiles entered service in 1968 after being ordered a year prior. They may have been used against Pakistani tanks during the 1971 war.

Iran

Ordered in 1966 and delivered from 1966-1969. It remained in service after the 1979 Iranian revolution and was used against Iraqi tanks during the 1980-88 war.

Israel

Entered service in 1963 after being ordered the year before. It is likely that they were used during the 1967 Six-Day War against Arab tanks.

Lebanon

Ordered in 1966 and entered service in 1967. These were deployed during the Lebanon civil war and was used in street fighting, particularly during the early 1980s.

South Africa

Having acquired some 500 examples in 1969, expeditionary units of the South African Defence Force first deployed ENTACs against Armed Forces for the Liberation of Angola (FAPLA) and Cuban military advisers during Operation Savannah. The system was often mounted on unarmoured Land Rovers.[6] South African servicemen destroyed at least one FAPLA mortar position with their missiles in September 1975.[6] Two Angolan T-54/55 tanks were also eliminated by ENTAC crews, working in concert with Eland and Ratel-90 armoured cars, during Operation Askari, 1984.

United States

The US army purchased the Model 58 ENTAC with an improved warhead to replace the Nord SS.10 (or MGM-21A). It was designed to be an interim weapon, used as the BGM-71 TOW was being developed. The first missiles were deployed in 1963, that year the missile received the US designation MGM-32A. In US service the missile was based on the M151 Jeep and issued to the Anti-tank Platoon of the Heavy Weapons Company. In Korea (7th ID @ 1st CAV) it replaced the Scorpion tracked AT vehicle, a 90MM SP Gun which could not climb the hilly terrain as easily as the Jeep. Using extended cables missiles could be fired from defilade. The missile was phased out between 1968 and 1969, being replaced with the more advanced BGM-71 TOW. It was used in the Vietnam War against fortified infantry positions, but not enemy tanks. It was fired by the 14th Infantry Regiment, amongst others.

Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin France
Service history
In service 1957
Used by (see below)
Production history
Designed 1950s
Manufacturer DTAT & Aerospatiale
Produced 1957
Number built 140000
Specifications
Weight 12.2 kg
Length 820 mm
Diameter 152 mm
Warhead 4 kg Hollow-charge capable of piercing 650 mm of RHA
Detonation
mechanism
nose fuse
Engine combination solid booster and sustainer
Wingspan 375 mm
Operational
range
400 m - 2 km
Speed 100 m/s
Guidance
system
MCLOS wire
Steering
system
trailing edge wing spoilers
Launch
platform
individual

End notes