The HJ-8 or Hongjian-8 ("红箭-8" translated as "Red Arrow-8") is a second generation tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided anti-tank missile system which was originally deployed by the People's Liberation Army since the late 1980s. Pakistan produces this missile system under licence as the Baktar-Shikan at Khan Research Laboratories. It is able to defeat explosive reactive armour (ERA).

Class Missile
Type Surface to Surface
Manufacturer Norinco
Origin China
Country Name Origin Year
China 1970
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Albania View
Bangladesh View
Bolivia View
Bosnia-Herzegovina View
Ceylon (Sri Lanka) View
China View
Ecuador View
Egypt View
Kenya View
Malaysia View
Morocco View
Pakistan View
Peru View
Sudan View
Syria View
United Arab Emirates View
Uruguay View
Venezuela View
Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Norinco View

In 1970, Chinese armoured corps first proposed to develop a successor to HJ-73 and this was later approved, designated as the AFT-8 or HJ-8. The missile was jointly developed by Research Institute 203 and 282nd Factory, but the program was interrupted by political turmoil. The key designers were Wang Xingzhi and Zhao Jiazheng, who developed the missile. Development was not completed until the early 1980s, after the end of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. After receiving state certification the missile entered mass-production in 1984. HJ-8 is an optically tracked, wire guided ATGM. A series of upgraded variants have been developed since. HJ-8 and its variants are manufactured by NORINCO's Factory 282, Factory 5618 of China and Khan Research Laboratories of Pakistan.


HJ-8 (possibly the Baktar-Shikan variant from Pakistan) units were supplied to Bosnian government forces in the early 1990s. Used by the Bosnian government forces against Bosnian Serb tanks during the mid-1990s, the weapon proved effective enough to penetrate the frontal armor of M-84 tanks.


Since June 2013, videos showing the use of the HJ-8 by Free Syrian Army rebels against Syrian Arab Army armour have surfaced and have been successful in destroying T-72 tanks.


Since December 2014, videos showing the use of the HJ-8 by the Peshmerga against ISIS have surfaced.

Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin People's Republic of China
Service history
Used by See Operators
Wars Yugoslav wars, Syrian Civil War
Production history
Designer Research Institute 203
Designed 1970-1984
Manufacturer NORINCO (Factory 282, Factory 5618) Khan Research Laboratories(Pakistan)
Variants see variants
Weight 25 kg
Length 1,566 mm
Diameter 120 mm
Engine Solid-fuel rocket
3000-4000 m
Speed 220 m/s
SACLOS wire guidance
Tri-pod, vehicle, aircraft

End notes