The Arrow anti-ballistic missile ABM is a theater missile defense system. The Arrow intercepts its targets high in the stratosphere. It is the first missile developed by Israel that was specifically designed and built to intercept and destroy ballistic missiles on a national level. The first operational system was deployed in central Israel, at the Palmachim IAF Base on the Mediterranean coast, on March 14, 2000. The Arrow ABM system was designed and constructed in Israel with financial support by the United States. It was designed with an awareness of the current advanced missile programs of Iran and the former threat of Iraq under Saddam Hussein. On July 29, 2004, Israel and the United States carried out a joint test flight in the USA in which the Arrow was launched against a real Scud missile. The test was a success, with the Arrow destroying the Scud with a direct hit. Further tests have also validated the Arrow.

Class Missile
Type Surface to Air
Manufacturer Israel Aerospace Industries
Origin Israel
Country Name Origin Year
Israel 2000
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
India View
Israel View
South Korea View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Israel Aerospace Industries 1988 View
General Information
Developed by Israel
Deployed by Israel, South Korea(36), India?
Development Year 1988
Deployment Year 2000
Platform a semi-trailer with 6 launch tubes
Launcher 6 canister ground launcher
Number manufactured 25 (for development use)
Contractor Israel Aircraft Industries Ltd.(IAI)

Dimensions and Performance
Length 11m(Arrow-1), 7m(Arrow-2)m
Body Diameter 2.1m, 0.8m
Launch Weight 2,000kg, 1,300kg
Range 90km
Speed Mach 9.0
Altitude 40km, 8-50km

Propulsion single-stage solid propellant (Arrow-1), 2-stage solid (Arrow-2)
Warhead a directional blast-fragmentation
Guidance inertial with update from ground-based radar, IR focal plane array

End notes