The Arrow anti-ballistic missile ABM is a theater missile defense system. The Arrow intercepts its targets high in the stratosphere. It is the first missile developed by Israel that was specifically designed and built to intercept and destroy ballistic missiles on a national level. The first operational system was deployed in central Israel, at the Palmachim IAF Base on the Mediterranean coast, on March 14, 2000. The Arrow ABM system was designed and constructed in Israel with financial support by the United States. It was designed with an awareness of the current advanced missile programs of Iran and the former threat of Iraq under Saddam Hussein. On July 29, 2004, Israel and the United States carried out a joint test flight in the USA in which the Arrow was launched against a real Scud missile. The test was a success, with the Arrow destroying the Scud with a direct hit. Further tests have also validated the Arrow.