LY-60 / FD-60 / PL10

The LY-60/FD-60/PL-10/HQ-6/6D/64 is a family of Chinese PRC missiles developed by the Shanghai Academy of Science and Technology, largely based on the Italian Selenia Aspide missile - itself inspired by the American AIM-7 Sparrow missile. There are four versions of the basic design, three of which are surface-to-air and one air-to-air.

LY-60 / FD-60 / PL10
Class Missile
Type Air to Air
Manufacturer CASC China Academy of Rocket Motor Technology
Origin China
Country Name Origin Year
China 1980
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
China View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
CASC China Academy of Rocket Motor Technology View

Development of the LY-60 was precipitated by the Chinese requirement for a beyond visual range (BVR) weapons system. Directly copying the AIM-7 proved unsuccessful, after which China purchased a number of Alenia Aspide missiles from Italy. Due to the urgent need for BVR air-to-air missiles, PL-11 was given the priority. The very first batch of PL-11 was an Aspide assembled in China, but using Italian components, and it was accepted to Chinese service in the same year. However, hopes of locally manufacturing the missile under license collapsed after the Tiananmen Square crackdown of 1989.

  • HQ-6
  • K/AKK-10
  • LY-60
  • HQ-64
  • HQ-6D
  • DK-10
  • Sky Dragon

It was once thought that the naval variant, the LY-60N, will replace the Hongqi-61 as the point defense missile of Chinese warships. However, it would seem the weapon is passed over in favor of the HQ-7, which now equips the Luhai class destroyer, Luhu class destroyer, and Jiangwei class frigate, because only very limited land-based system entered Chinese service for port/harbor defense.

The LY-60N was, however, exported to Pakistan in the 1990s to re-fit its purchase of 6 ex-Royal Navy Type 21 frigates, re-classified as the Tariq class. Three Tariq class ships were fitted with the 6-cell LY-60N SAM, the other three with 2×2-cell Harpoon anti-ship missiles.

Additionally, a man-portable SAM version was developed designated FY-60.

Type air-to-air & surface-to-air missiles
Place of origin  China
Service history
In service late 1980s – present
Used by China, Pakistan
Production history
Manufacturer Shanghai Academy of Science and Technology
Produced since late 1980s
Weight 220 kg
Length 3.69 meter
Diameter 203 mm
Warhead 33 kg warhead
impact / proximity
Engine rocket motor
Propellant solid fuel
18 km for SAM, 60 km for AAM
Speed >Mach 3
Air & surface

End notes