MICA (missile)

The MBDA MICA (Missile d’interception, de combat et d’autodéfense, “interception, combat and self-defence missile”) is an anti-air multi-target, all weather, fire-and-forget short and medium-range missile system. It is intended for use both by air platforms as individual missiles as well as ground units and ships, which can be equipped with the rapid fire MICA Vertical Launch System. It is fitted with a thrust vector control (TVC) system. It was developed from 1982 onward by Matra. The first trials occurred in 1991, and the missile was commissioned in 1996 to equip the Rafale and Mirage 2000. It is a replacement for both the Super 530, in the interception role, and the Magic II, in the dogfighting role.

On 11 June 2007, a MICA launched from a Rafale successfully demonstrated its over-the-shoulder capability by destroying a target behind the launch aircraft for the first time in aviation history. The target was designated by another aircraft and coordinates were transmitted by Link 16.

MICA (missile)
Class Missile
Type Air to Air
Manufacturer MBDA
Origin France
Country Name Origin Year
France 1996
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
China View
Egypt View
France 1996 View
Greece View
India View
Indonesia View
Malaysia View
Morocco View
Oman (Muscat) View
Qatar View
Singapore View
United Arab Emirates View
Vietnam View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity

Type Short/medium range air-to-air and surface-to-air missile
Place of origin France
Service history
In service 1996
Used by See Operators
Production history
Manufacturer MBDA
Weight 112 kg
Length 3.1 m
Diameter 160 mm
Warhead 12 kg warhead
Proximity or direct impact
Engine Solid-propellant rocket motor
Air-launched: 0.2–50 km
Vertical-launched: 1–20 km
Flight altitude Vertical-launched: 0–11 km
Speed Air-launched: Mach 4
Vertical-launched: Mach 3
MICA-EM: Active radar homing
MICA-IR: Infrared homing
Surface ship
Dassault Rafale
Mirage 2000
F-16E Block 60

End notes