Shaheen-I missile is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) with an optimal range of 750 km. The Shaheen-I has a single stage solid fuel rocket motor. The Shaheen missile system can deliver either a conventional or a nuclear, chemical or biological payload. The solid propellant engine, makes Shaheen missiles faster to deploy than earlier systems deployed by Pakistan. Shaheen-I was first flight tested on April 15, 1999. It was formally deployed in 2003.The Shaheen missile series (named after a white eagle that lives in the mountains of Pakistan) was developed by National Defence Complex (NDC), a subsidiary of the NESCOM which was formed in 1993.

Class Missile
Type Surface to Surface
Manufacturer National Development Complex
Origin Pakistan
Country Name Origin Year
Pakistan 1999
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Pakistan 1999 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
National Development Complex 1993 View

Development on Shaheen program began in 1995 and the program went to National Development Complex bureau of the National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM). The program was put under Dr. Samar Mubarakmand– a nuclear physicist and a fluid dynamicist who delegated the program to country's scientists and engineers. Necessary fundings for the program were secured by the military, and the development on rocket engine and its eventually testings were began to be utilized by the Space Research Commission.

In the memoirs of scientists who worked on the program maintained that "Shaheen was a very difficult program and the development of this system has given maximum accuracy– a 100% capability of destroying its target." The program's original goal was to developed a supersonic missile that it would be impossible for any missile defense system could intercept it. Solid-fuel systems for the guided missiles are very difficult to develop and Pakistani scientists closely monitored the Indian development of the Agni-II missile. The Space Research Commission continued to modifies the designs, and repeatedly tests the Solid-fuel rocket engines on multiple occasions.

The Shaheen-I was test fired on 15 April 1999 by a joint team of NDC and SRC led under Dr. Samar Mubarakmand from the Sonmiani Test Range, which was termed as "highly successfully". At the height of military standoff with India in 2002, another test took place and it was quoted by Information minister Nisar Memon as "part of technical requirements" and unrelated to the military confrontation in Kashmir. On 8 October 2003, the Shaheen-I was again test fired for a third time from an undisclosed location, as the ISPR stated: "The test is part of the ongoing series of tests of Pakistan's indigenous missile systems."

A batch of Shaheen I missiles, enough to equip one regiment/battery, was handed over to the Pakistan Army in 2003 along with mobile launchers.[citation needed] Another was tested on 8 May 2010 The Shaheen 1A was test fired on 25 April 2012. On April 10, 2013 Pakistan tested another Shaheen 1A.

General Information
Developed by Pakistan
Deployed by Pakistan
Development Year 1993
Deployment Year 1999
Platform Modified MAZ 543 TEL(Scud TEL)
Number deployed 5-10
Design Pakistani National Development Complex

Dimensions and Performance
Length 12.0m
Body Diameter 1.0m
Launch Weight 9,500kg
Range 750km
Accuracy 200m CEP

Propulsion 1-stage solid-fuel rocket motor
Payload single warhead 750-1,000kg
Warhead 35kT nuclear, HE, chemical or HE warhead
Guidance inertial(locally developed terminal guidance system)

End notes