SA-11 Gadfly (9K37 Buk-1M)

The Buk missile system is a family of self-propelled, medium-range surface-to-air missile systems developed by the former Soviet Union and Russian Federation and designed to engage maneuverable fixed wing aircraft, helicopters, cruise and ballistic missiles. The first version of Buk adopted into service was the 9K37 and it has the NATO reporting name SA-11 Gadfly. Since its initial introduction into service the Buk missile system has been upgraded and refined.Each land-based Buk transporter erector launcher has its own fire control radar. As a result the system is able to engage multiple targets from multiple directions at the same time.Development of the 9K37 Buk was started on the January 17, 1972. Development of the Buk surface-to-air missile was completed in 1979. In addition to the land based missile system a similar system was to be produced for the naval forces, the result being the 3K90 Uragan which carries the NATO reporting name SA-N-12 Gadfly.

SA-11 Gadfly (9K37 Buk-1M)
Class Missile
Type Surface to Surface
Manufacturer Ulyanovsk Mechanical Plant
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1980
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
China View
Finland View
India View
Russia (USSR) 1980 View
Syria View
Ukraine View
Yugoslavia (Serbia) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Ulyanovsk Mechanical Plant 1972 View
General Information
Developed by Russia
Deployed by Belarus, China, Finland, India, Russia, Serbia, Syria, Ukraine
Development Year early 1970s
Deployment Year 1980(SA-11), 1981(SA-N-7)
Platform See description
Number deployed about 200 Gadfly units, 500 missiles/year manufacturing
Design NII Priborostroeniya, Zhykovskiy
Manufacturer Uljanovsk Mechanical Wroks Plant
Unit cost $250,000 (est.)

Dimensions and Performance
Length 5.55m
Body Diameter 40cm
Wing/Fin span 86cm
Launch Weight 690kg
Range 3,000-32,000m
Speed 850m/sec
Altitude 15-22,000m

Propulsion solid propellant
Warhead 70kg HE fragmentation effect
Guidance semi-active radar homing

End notes