SA-14 Gremlin (9K34 Strela-3)

The 9K34 Strela-3 man-portable air defence missile system (MANPADS) was developed in the Soviet Union as a response to the poor performance of the earlier 9K32 Strela 2 (SA-7 Grail) system. Its NATO reporting name is SA-14 Gremlin. The missile was largely based on the earlier Strela 2, and thus development proceeded rapidly. The most significant change was the introduction of an all-new infra-red homing seeker head. The new weapon was accepted to service in the Soviet Army between January 1974 and 1978.

SA-14 Gremlin (9K34 Strela-3)
Class Missile
Type Surface to Air
Manufacturer Kolomna Machine-Building Design Bureau, KBM
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1978
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Angola View
Armenia View
Bulgaria View
Cuba View
El Salvador View
Finland View
Georgia View
Germany View
Hungary View
India View
Iraq View
Jordan View
Kazakhstan View
Kyrgyzstan View
Moldova View
Nicaragua View
North Korea View
Peru View
Poland View
Russia (USSR) 1978 View
South Korea View
Syria View
Tajikistan View
Turkmenistan View
Ukraine View
United Arab Emirates View
Uzbekistan View
Yugoslavia (Serbia) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Kolomna Machine-Building Design Bureau, KBM 1970 View
General Information
Developed by Russia
Deployed by Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cuba, Czech Rep., El Salvador, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Nicaragua, North Korea, Peru, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, UAE, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Development Year 1970
Deployment Year 1978
Platform men
Number deployed unknown
Design Kolomna Design Bureau

Dimensions and Performance
Length 1.42m
Body Diameter 7.2cm
Wing/Fin span 30cm
Launch Weight 10.3kg
Range 30-2,700m
Speed 470m/sec
Altitude 10-5,500m

Propulsion solid propellant
Warhead 1kg HE fragmentation effect
Guidance passive IR(IR seeker (cooled) (single channel 3.5-5.0 micron wavelength))

End notes