SA-15 Gauntlet (9M331 Tor)

The Tor missile system is a Soviet/Russian made low to medium altitude, short-range surface-to-air missile system designed for engaging airplanes, helicopters, cruise missiles, precision guided munitions, unmanned aerial vehicles and ballistic targets. Its NATO reporting name is SA-15 Gauntlet. A navalized variant was developed for the Russian navy under the name 3K95 Kinzhal; the NATO reporting name of this version is SA-N-9 Gauntlet. The system is designed to protect targets from attack day or night in any weather, not only by shooting down attacking aircraft but also by destroying any munitions before they reach their target.The development of the Tor missile system (NATO reporting name SA-15 \"Gauntlet\") started on the 4th of February 1975. From the start the Tor missile system was designed to provide air defence against modern and future threats equipped with precision guided weapons like the AGM-86 ALCM. The Tor missile system was accepted into service on March 19, 1986. The Tor missile system was the first air defence system in the world designed to shoot down precision guided weapons as well as conventional aircraft. The naval variant had a more protracted development and entered service in 1989.

SA-15 Gauntlet (9M331 Tor)
Class Missile
Type Surface to Air
Manufacturer Almaz-Antey
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1986
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
China View
Cyprus View
India View
Peru View
Russia (USSR) 1991 View
Ukraine View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Almaz-Antey 1970 View
General Information
Developed by Russia
Deployed by Belarus, China, Cyprus, India, Peru, Russia, Ukraine
Development Year 1970s
Deployment Year 1984(SA-N-9), 1991(SA-15)
Platform 9A331 launcher vehicle (based on the GM-355M family of medium armored transporters)
Number deployed 2,000 per year(USA Intelligent estimate)
Design Antey NPO

Dimensions and Performance
Length 2.85m
Body Diameter 35cm
Wing/Fin span 65cm
Launch Weight 165kg
Range 1.5-12km
Speed 850m/sec(max)
Altitude 10-6,000m

Propulsion 2-stage solid propellant with thruster jets
Warhead 14.5kg HE fragmentation effect
Guidance command

End notes