SS-N-22 Sunburn (3M80 Moskit)

The SS-N-22 Sunburn (NATO reporting name) or 3M80 Moskit is a Russian supersonic ramjet powered cruise missile. The Moskit was originally designed to be ship launched, but variants have been adapted to be launched from land (modified trucks), underwater (submarines) and air (reportedly the Sukhoi Su-33). The missile can carry conventional and nuclear warheads. NATO analysis of the Moskit suggests it reaches Mach 3 at a high altitude and its maximum low-altitude speed is Mach 2.2, triple the speed of the subsonic American Harpoon. The speed of the SS-N-22 Sunburn implies that the defending side has a maximum theoretical response time of merely 25-30 seconds, rendering it extremely difficult to employ jamming and countermeasures or fire missiles and quick-firing artillery. The Moskit was designed to be employed against naval groups in the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea and in the Pacific as well as to defend against amphibious assaults.

SS-N-22 Sunburn (3M80 Moskit)
Class Missile
Type Air to Surface
Manufacturer MKB Raduga
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1984
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
China View
India View
Iran (Persia) View
Russia (USSR) 1984 View
Ukraine View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
MKB Raduga 1970 View
General Information
Developed by Russia
Deployed by Russia, Ukraine, Iran, India, China
Development Year early 1970s
Deployment Year 1984
Platform (ship-launched) Destroyer: Sovremenny-class, Udaloy-2-class (8 launch canisters) missile corvette: Tarantul-3-class (4 launch canisters) fast attack craft: Dergach-class (8 launchcanisters) wind-in ground-effect project 905 Utka flying boat (terminated) (air-launched) bomber: Tu-22M Backfire, Tu-95 Bear, Tu-160 Blackjack other aircraft: Su-27K Flanker(Su-33), Su-32FN (too heavy to be carried on fighter aircraft)
Number manufactured 600
Number deployed 200(1991), About 450(as of 1996)
Design Raduga Machine Building Design Bureau, Moscow

Dimensions and Performance
Length 9.38m
Body Diameter 76cm
Wing/Fin span 1.3m
Launch Weight 3,950kg
Range 250km
Speed Mach 3.0(high), Mach 2.1(low)
Altitude 20m, down to 7m

Propulsion ramjet, solid-fuel rocket motor(4)
Payload single warhead 300kg
Warhead conventional 300kg HE or 200kT nuclear
Guidance inertial with update, active/passive-radar

End notes