MGM-52 Lance

The MGM-52 Lance was a mobile field artillery tactical surface-to-surface missile system used to provide both nuclear and conventional fire support to the United States Army. The first Lance missiles were deployed in 1972. With the signing of the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty in 1987, the United States Army began withdrawing Lance missiles from Europe. By 1992, all United States Army Lance warheads were in storage awaiting destruction.

MGM-52 Lance
Class Missile
Type Surface to Surface
Manufacturer Loral Corporation
Origin United States of America
Country Name Origin Year
United States of America 1972
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Belgium View
Germany View
Iran (Persia) View
Israel View
Italy View
Korea View
Netherlands View
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) View
United States of America 1972 1994 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Loral Corporation 1962 View

The first Lance missiles were deployed in 1972, replacing (together with the US-Navy's nuclear-tipped RIM-2D & RIM-8E/B/D) the earlier Honest John rocket and Sergeant SRBM ballistic missile, greatly reducing the weight and bulk of the system, while improving both accuracy and mobility.

A Lance battery (two fire units) consisted of two M752 launchers (one missile each) and two M688 auxiliary vehicle (two missiles each), for a total six missiles. The firing rate per unit was approximately three missiles per hour.

General Information
Developed by USA
Deployed by USA, West Germany, UK, Belgium, Netherland, Italy, Iran, Israel, Korea
Development Year 1962
Deployment Year 1972
Retirement Year 1994
Number manufactured 2,133
Number deployed 1,000
Contractor Loral Vought Systems

Dimensions and Performance
Length 6.41m
Body Diameter 56cm
Launch Weight 1,527kg
Range 130km
Accuracy 150m CEP

Components
Propulsion 1-stage liquid
Payload Single warhead
Warhead Conventional HE, W-70 100kT nuclear or W-70-3 radiation enhancement nuclear
Guidance Inertia

End notes