SS-1B Scud-A (R-11)

The first of the Scud series, designated R-11 and designated by NATO as the SS-1B Scud-A originated in a 1951 requirement for a ballistic missile with similar performance to the German V-2 rocket, but half its size. The design first flew on 18 April 1953. A production order followed on 13 December 1953 and in July 1955 the R-11 was formally accepted into military service with the Soviet armed forces. The definitive R-11M, designed to carry a nuclear warhead, was accepted officially into service on 1 April 1958. The unguided Scud-A missile remained in service with the USSR until 1973.

SS-1B Scud-A (R-11)
Class Missile
Type Surface to Surface
Manufacturer S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1955
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Afghanistan View
Algeria View
Bulgaria View
Egypt View
Georgia View
Hungary View
Iran (Persia) View
Iraq View
Kazakhstan View
Libya View
North Korea View
Poland View
Romania View
Russia (USSR) 1955 View
Russia (USSR) 1958 1973 View
Syria View
Yemen View
Yugoslavia (Serbia) View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia 1951 View
General Information
Developed by Soviet Union
Deployed by Afghanistan, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech, Egypt, Georgia, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Libya, North Korea, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Soviet Union, Syria, Yemen
Development Year 1951(R-11), 1954(R-11M)
Deployment Year 1955, 1958
Retirement Year 1973
Platform 8U22 TEL(R-11), 8U218 TEL(R-11M)
Number manufactured about 7,000 (in Soviet Union)
Design Korolev design bureau (OKB-1)
Manufacturer Votkinsk MZ

Dimensions and Performance
Length 10.7m(R-11)
Body Diameter 88.5cm
Wing/Fin span 1.8m
Launch Weight 4,500kg
Range 150km(nuclear), 270km(HE)
Accuracy 1,200m CEP

Propulsion single-stage liquid-fuel rocket motor
Engine Isayev S2.253 engine
Payload 680kg
Warhead 10, 20, 40, 100kT nuclear warhead
Guidance inertial

End notes