SS-21 Scarab (OTR-21 Tochka)

OTR-21 Tochka is a Soviet short-range tactical ballistic missile (SRBM). Its NATO reporting name is SS-21 Scarab. The initial Scarab A entered service with the Soviet Army in 1975. It is transported in a 9P129 vehicle, then erected vertically prior to launch. It uses an inertial guidance system. The OTR-21 began forward deployment to East Germany in 1981, replacing the earlier FROG series of unguided ballistic missiles. Development has continued and at least two improved variants Scarab B and Scarab C have been identified. The SS-21 remains in service with Russia. The Scarab is known to have been operationally deployed during the Second Chechen War, in 1999 and during the n 2008 South Ossetia war.

SS-21 Scarab (OTR-21 Tochka)
Class Missile
Type Surface to Surface
Manufacturer Petropavlovsk Machine Plant, Ukraine
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1976
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Germany View
Hungary View
Kazakhstan View
Poland View
Russia (USSR) 1976 View
Russia (USSR) 1986 View
Syria View
Ukraine View
Yemen View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Petropavlovsk Machine Plant, Ukraine View
Lenin Heavy Machine Plant, Kazakhstan View

The Yemeni government (formerly North Yemen) used Tochka missiles against southern forces during the 1994 Yemen civil war in response to Scud missile attacks.

Russia used the missiles in the Chechen Wars.

At least 15 Tochka missiles were deployed by Russian forces from August 8–11 during the 2008 South Ossetia war. Multiple videos show the Ukrainian Army fired multiple Tochka missiles near Donetsk during the War in Donbass. There exists a YouTube video of a failed Tochka launched, claimed to be in Eastern Ukraine; it is unclear which side the Tochka belonged to.

The Syrian Army fired at least one Tochka against the insurgents during the battle of Wadi al-Deif (near Ma'rat al-Nu'man, in the province of Idlib) in December 2014.

On 20 August 2015, during the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, Houthi fighters supported by regular Yemeni Army units loyal to ousted president Ali Abdullah Saleh fired an OTR-21 targetting a Saudi Naval base in Saudi Arabia.

General Information
Developed by Russia
Deployed by Belarus, Czech Rep., Germany, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Syria, Ukraine, Yemen
Deployment Year 1976(A), 1986(B)
Platform 9P129 TEL: 6 wheeled modified ZIL-5937 or BAZ5921(9P129) TEL
Number deployed about 300 TEL (in RUSSIA), 200 missiles were built each year.About 1,200 missiles (as of 1993)(310 nuclear warheads)
Design Nepobidimy Design Bureau
Manufacturer Petropavlovsk Machine Plant,Ukraine(9M79 missile),Lenin Heavy Machine Plant,Kazakhstan(9P129 launch system)

Dimensions and Performance
Length 6.4m
Body Diameter 65cm
Launch Weight 2,000kg(Tochka), 2,010kg(Tochka-U)
Range 15-70km(Tochka), 20-120km(Tochka-U)
Accuracy 50-100m CEP

Propulsion 1-stage solid-fuel rocket motor
Payload single warhead 482kg
Warhead 10 or 100kT nuclear,HE,chemical or submunition
Guidance inertial (passive radar terminal option)

End notes