Beograd-class destroyer

The Beograd-class were destroyers built for the Royal Yugoslav Navy to an Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire design in the late 1930s. A total of three ships were built, one in France and two in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, one of the ships was destroyed to prevent its capture, and the other two were captured by the Italians. The Italian Navy operated the two captured ships as convoy escorts between Italy and North Africa, but one was lost in the Gulf of Tunis in April 1943. The other was captured by the Germans in September 1943 after the Italian surrender, and was subsequently operated by the German Navy. After being heavily damaged by Yugoslav Partisan artillery in April 1945, she was scuttled in Trieste the following month.

Beograd-class destroyer
Class Ship
Type Destroyer
Manufacturer Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire
Origin Yugoslavia (Serbia)
Country Name Origin Year
Yugoslavia (Serbia) 1939
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Germany View
Italy View
Yugoslavia (Serbia) 1938 1943 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Yarrow Shipbuilders 1 View
Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire 2 View

Following the large destroyer Dubrovnik the Royal Yugoslav Navy commission a smaller size for this group of ships. The ships were designed by the French company "Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire". The first Beograd class destroyer was built in France and the other two in Yugoslavia. The armament was provided by the Czech company Skoda and the machinery by Yarrow Shipbuilders.

Ships in Class

Ship Builder Launched Completed Fate
Beograd Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire, Nantes 23 December 1937 28 April 1939 Captured by Italy 17 April 1941, renamed Sebenico.
Captured by Germans 1943. Scuttled 1 May 1945
Ljubljana Yarrow, Kraljevica 28 June 1938 December 1939 Captured by Italy 17 April 1941. Sunk 1 April 1943
Zagreb Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire, Split 30 March 1938 August 1939 Scuttled 17 April 1941

The Ljubljana was in dockyard on 17 April 1941 and was captured. The Zagreb was blown up in Kotor to prevent capture. The Beograd was at sea and damaged from a dive bombing attack. She returned to Kotor, but was also captured by the Italian's.

The Ljubljana was renamed Lubiana, and the Beograd renamed Sebenico by the Regia Marina. Both ships served as convoy escorts on the supply run to North Africa. The Lubiana was sunk by grounding in the Gulf of Tunis on 1 April 1943.

The Sebenico was captured by the Germans in Venice after the Italian Armistice in September 1943. The ship was renamed TA43 and entered service in the Kriegsmarine on 17 October 1944. She served in the Northern Adriatic Sea and was heavily damaged by Yugoslav artillery in April 1945. The ship was scuttled in Trieste on 1 May 1945.

Class overview
Builders: Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire,
Operators:  Yugoslav Royal Navy
 Regia Marina
 Kriegsmarine
Planned: 3
Completed: 3
Lost: 3
General characteristics
Type: destroyer
Displacement: 1,210 long tons (1,230 t) standard
1,655 long tons (1,682 t) full load
Length: 98 m (321 ft 6 in)
Beam: 9.45 m (31 ft 0 in)
Draught: 3.18 m (10 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft geared turbines, 3 boilers, 40,000 hp
Speed: 38 knots (44 mph; 70 km/h)
Complement: 145
Armament: 4 × 120 mm (4.7 in) guns (4 × 1)
4 × 40 mm (1.6 in) guns
2 × machine guns
6 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (3 × 2)
30 mines

End notes