Churruca-class destroyer

Churruca was a Spanish destroyer class built for the Spanish Navy based on a British design. Eighteen ships were built, two sold to Argentina.

The ships were authorized on 17 February 1915 by Navy Minister Augusto Miranda y Godoy. The program planned for four light cruisers, six destroyers, 28 submarines, three gunboats, and 18 coast guard vessels; of these, five light cruisers, three Alsedo- and fourteen Churruca-class destroyers, 16 submarines, and the three gunboats were actually completed.

Churruca-class destroyer
Class Ship
Type Destroyer
Manufacturer Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval - (SECN)
Production Period 1923 - 1951
Origin Spain
Country Name Origin Year
Spain 1923
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Morocco 1936 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval - (SECN) 1923 1951 18 View

At the start of the Spanish Civil War, the class served on the Spanish Republican Navy and blockaded the Gibraltar Strait. Class members saw some action. Almirante Ferrándiz and Gravina took part in the Battle of Cape Espartel, where the Almirante Ferrándiz was sunk by the Nationalist cruiser Canarias. Lepanto, Almirante Valdes, Almirante Antequera, Gravina, Jorge Juan, and Escaño participated in the Battle of Cape Cherchell. Lepanto, Sánchez Barcaiztegui, Almirante Miranda and Grafina were engaged in the Battle of Cape Palos, where Lepanto sank the Nationalist cruiser Baleares with torpedoes. Ciscar was sunk by aircraft in Gijon harbour, refloated by the rebels, and used by them in the final phases of the war.

One member of the class, due to her strong resemblance to a British destroyer, was used in an attempt to break the blockade of the Gibraltar Strait and return to the Mediterranean Sea after the fall of the Republican government in the north of Spain in 1938. José Luis Díez, painted with the pennant number of HMS Grenville, was intercepted by Canarias and other ships, and beached herself in Gibraltar.

When the Spanish Civil War ended, the class was turned over to the Nationalists.

The last two ships were commissioned in 1951, updated with only 4 guns but quadruple rather than triple torpedo tubes, Q gun being landed as weight compensation.

At the start of the Spanish Civil War, the class served on the Spanish Republican Navy and blockaded the Gibraltar Strait. Class members saw some action. Almirante Ferrándiz and Gravina took part in the Battle of Cape Espartel, where the Almirante Ferrándiz was sunk by the Nationalist cruiser Canarias. Lepanto, Almirante Valdes, Almirante Antequera, Gravina, Jorge Juan, and Escaño participated in the Battle of Cape Cherchell. Lepanto, Sánchez Barcaiztegui, Almirante Miranda and Grafina were engaged in the Battle of Cape Palos, where Lepanto sank the Nationalist cruiser Baleares with torpedoes. Ciscar was sunk by aircraft in Gijon harbour, refloated by the rebels, and used by them in the final phases of the war.

One member of the class, due to her strong resemblance to a British destroyer, was used in an attempt to break the blockade of the Gibraltar Strait and return to the Mediterranean Sea after the fall of the Republican government in the north of Spain in 1938. José Luis Díez, painted with the pennant number of HMS Grenville, was intercepted by Canarias and other ships, and beached herself in Gibraltar.

When the Spanish Civil War ended, the class was turned over to the Nationalists.

The last two ships were commissioned in 1951, updated with only 4 guns but quadruple rather than triple torpedo tubes, Q gun being landed as weight compensation.

Class overview
Name: Churruca
Builders: SECN, Naval Dockyard, Cartagena.
Operators: Flag of Spain.svg República Argentina
Preceded by: Alsedo class
Succeeded by: Oquendo class
Built: 1923 to 1951
In commission: 1927 to 1982
Completed: 18
Lost: 2
Retired: 16

General characteristics
Class and type: Churruca
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 1,536 – 1,650 tons (normal); 2,067 tons (maximum)
Length: 101.00 m (331.36 ft)
Height: 3.30 m (10.8 ft)
Draft: 3.30 m (10.8 ft)
Propulsion: 2 Parsons turbines.

4 Yarrow boilers

42.000 horsepower (31 MW)
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h)
Range: 5,000 nmi (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h)

3,100 nautixcal miles (4,500 nautical miles) at 14 knots (26 km/h)
Complement: 160
Armament: (5 × 1) 120 mm (4.7 in) L45

1 × 3-inch (76.2-mm) antiaircraft gun

4 machineguns

6 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes (2 × 3)

2 depth charge racks
Notes: 240 tons oil fuel

End notes