Charles de Gaulle (R91) is the only active French aircraft carrier and is the flagship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale). She is the tenth French aircraft carrier, the first French nuclear-powered surface vessel and the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier built outside of the United States.
The ship carries a complement of Dassault Rafale M and E-2C Hawkeye aircraft, as well as modern electronics and Aster missiles. She is the second largest European carrier, after the Admiral Kuznetsov, and the most powerful European aircraft carrier, until the introduction of the Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers. It is a CATOBAR-type carrier that uses the same catapult system as that installed on the US Nimitz class carriers, the 75 m C13-3 steam catapult.