Juneau-class cruiser

The Juneau-class cruisers were United States Navy light cruisers which were modified version of the Atlanta-class cruiser design. The ships had the same dual-purpose main armament as USS Oakland (CL-95) with a much heavier secondary antiaircraft battery, while the anti-submarine depth charge tracks and torpedo tubes were removed along with a redesigned superstructure to reduce weight and increase stability. Three ships were ordered and built, all completed shortly after World War II, but only Juneau (CL-119) remained active long enough to see action during the Korean War.

Juneau-class cruiser
Class Ship
Type Cruiser
Manufacturer Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company
Production Period 1944 - 1946
Origin United States of America
Country Name Origin Year
United States of America 1945
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
United States of America 1945 1955 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company 1944 1946 3 View
Ship NameHull No.BuilderCommission–Decommission
JuneauCL-119Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Kearny, New Jersey15 February 1946 – 23 July 1955
SpokaneCL-120Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Kearny, New Jersey17 May 1946 – 27 February 1950
FresnoCL-121Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Kearny, New Jersey27 November 1946 – 17 May 1949

Three ships were built and none of the ships served during World War II; the lead ship of this class, Juneau (CL-119) which was named after the war loss Juneau (CL-52), was launched on 15 July 1945 and commissioned on 15 February 1946. Spokane (CL-120) was launched on 22 September 1945, and commissioned on 17 May 1946. Fresno (CL-121) was launched on 5 March 1946 and commissioned on 27 November 1946.

Spokane and Fresno were decommissioned in 1949 and 1950 prior to the start of the Korean War, but Juneau, at this point redesignated as an anti-aircraft cruiser CLAA-119, participated in the conflict. On 2 July 1950, Juneau, along with HMS Jamaica, and HMS Black Swan were attacked by 4 torpedo boats and 2 motor gunboats of the North Korean navy, and the combined firepower of the Anglo-American ships sank three enemy torpedo boats and both gunboats near Chumonchin Chan. She was decommissioned in 1955, shortly after the war ended. All three ships were considered for refitting as guided missile cruisers or ASW ships but ultimately were sold for scrap in the 1960s.

Name: Juneau-class cruiser
Operators:  United States Navy
Preceded by: Fargo class
Succeeded by: Worcester class
Completed: 3
Retired: 3
Preserved: 0
General characteristics
Class and type: Light cruiser
Displacement: 6,500 tons (standard); 8,450 tons (loaded)
Length: 541 ft 0 in (164.90 m)
Beam: 52 ft 10 in (16.10 m)
Draft: 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
Propulsion: 4 × 665 psi boilers
2 geared steam turbines
78,749 hp (58.723 MW)
Speed: 32.7 knots (61 km/h) (37.9 mph)
Range: 6,440 nautical miles (11,930 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h)
Complement: Officer: 47
Enlisted: 695
Armament: 12 × 5 in (127 mm)/38 cal guns
32 x 40 mm/56 cal anti-aircraft guns (6 x 4, 4 x 2)
16 × 20 mm/70 cal anti-aircraft cannons (8 x 2)
Armor: Belt: 1.1-3.5 in (27-88.9 mm)
Deck: 1.25 in (31.75 mm)
Turrets: 1.25 in (31.75 mm)

End notes