Kilo-class submarine

The Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a naval diesel-electric submarine that is made in Russia. The original version of the vessels were designated Project 877 Paltus (Halibut) in Russia. There is also a more advanced version, designated as Improved Kilo-class submarine in the west, and Project 636 Varshavyanka in Russia.


Kilo-class submarine
Class Ship
Type Submarine
Manufacturer Rubin Design Bureau
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1980
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Algeria 1982 View
China 1982 View
India 1982 View
Iran (Persia) 1982 View
Poland 1982 View
Romania 1982 View
Russia (USSR) 1982 View
Vietnam 1982 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Rubin Design Bureau View
Severnoe Mašinostroitelnoe Predprijatie View
Leningradskoe Admiralteyskoe Obedinenie View
Komsomolsk-on-Amur View
Shipyard 199 Krasnoe Sormovo, Nizhniy Novgorod View

Ships in Class

Project 877 – significant dates

# Name Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
B-248 x Komsomolsk na Amure 16 March 1980 12 September 1980 31 December 1980 in reserve
B-260 Chita Komsomolsk na Amure 22 February 1981 23 August 1981 30 December 1981 active as of 2010
B-227 Vyborg Komsomolsk na Amure 23 February 1982 16 September 1982 23 February 1983 active as of 2010
B-229 x Komsomolsk na Amure 23 February 1983 15 July 1983 30 October 1983 in reserve
B-404 x Komsomolsk na Amure 07 May 1983 24 September 1983 30 December 1983 in reserve
B-401 Novosibirsk Nizhniy Novgorod 06 October 1982 15 March 1984 30 September 1984 active as of 2010
B-402 Vologda Nizhniy Novgorod 24 August 1983 29 September 1984 30 December 1984 active as of 2010
B-405 (ex Tyumenskiy Komsomolets) Komsomolsk na Amure 20 April 1984 21 September 1984 30 December 1984 decommissioned and sold for scrap in 2007
291 (ex-B-351) Orzel Nizhniy Novgorod 1984 1985 1985 active as of 2010
581 (ex-B-801) Delfinul Nizhniy Novgorod 1984 1985 1985 unknown (in reserve from 1995)
S55 Sindhughosh Saint Petersburg 29 May 1983 29 July 1985 25 November 1985 active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 2002–2005
B-470 x Komsomolsk na Amure 06 May 1985 27 August 1985 30 December 1985 decommissioned and sold for scrap in 2007
B-806 x Nizhniy Novgorod 15 October 1984 30 April 1986 25 September 1986 active as of 2009, status in 2010 unknown
S56 Sindhudhvaj Saint Petersburg 01 April 1986 27 July 1986 25 November 1986 active as of 2010
12 Rais Hadj Mubarek Nizhniy Novgorod 1985 1986 29 November 1986 Upgraded in 2010, able to launch Klub missiles
B-439 x Komsomolsk na Amure 4 April 1986 31 July 1986 30 December 1986 in reserve
S57 Sindhuraj Nizhniy Novgorod 1986 1987 02 September 1987 active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 1999–2001
13 El Hadj Slimane Nizhniy Novgorod 1986 1987 25 November 1987 Upgraded in 2011, able to launch Klub missiles
S58 Sindhuvir Saint Petersburg 15 May 1987 13 September 1987 25 December 1987 active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 1997–1999
B-445 Svyatoi Nikolai Chudotvorets Komsomolsk na Amure 21 March 1987 26 September 1987 30 January 1988 unknown (in reserve from 2007 or active)
S59 Sindhuratna Nizhniy Novgorod 1987 1988 14 August 1988 active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 2001–2003
S60 Sindhukesari Saint Petersburg 20 April 1988 16 August 1988 29 October 1988 active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 1999–2001
B-808 Yaroslavl Nizhniy Novgorod 29 September 1986 30 July 1988 27 December 1988 active as of 2010
B-394 (ex-Komsomolsk Tadjikistana) Komsomolsk na Amure 15 April 1988 03 September 1988 30 December 1988 unknown (in reserve from 2007 or active)
B-800 Kaluga (ex-Vologodskij komsomolets) Nizhniy Novgorod 05 March 1987 07 May 1989 30 September 1989 refit as of 2012(refit finished launching of the vessel underway)
S61 Sindhukirti Saint Petersburg 05 April 1989 26 August 1989 30 October 1989 in modernization to project 08773 from 2007
B-464 Ust'-Kamchatsk Komsomolsk na Amure 26 May 1989 23 September 1989 30 January 1990 in reserve from 2007
B-459 Vledikavkaz Nizhniy Novgorod 25 February 1988 29 April 1990 30 September 1990 unknown (in reserve from 2008 or active)
S62 Sindhuvijay Saint Petersburg 06 April 1990 27 July 1990 27 October 1990 active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 2005–2007
B-871 Alrosa Nizhniy Novgorod 17 May 1988 September 1989 30 December 1990 active as of 2010
B-471 Magnitogorsk Nizhniy Novgorod 26 October 1988 22 September 1990 30 December 1990 active as of 2010
B-494 Ust'-Bolsheretsk Komsomolsk na Amure 5 May 1990 04 October 1990 30 December 1990 unknown (in reserve from 2008 or active)
901 Tareg Saint Petersburg 05 April 1991 25 September 1991 25 December 1991 active as of 2012 Upgraded in Iran shipyard
B-187 x Komsomolsk na Amure 07 May 1991 05 October 1991 30 December 1991 in reserve from 2007
B-177 Lipetsk Nizhniy Novgorod 03 November 1989 27 July 1991 30 December 1991 active as of 2010
B-190 Krasnokamensk Komsomolsk na Amure 08 May 1992 25 September 1992 30 December 1992 active as of 2010
902 Noor Saint Petersburg 30 April 1992 16 October 1992 31 December 1992 unknown (probably in modernization in Iranian shipyard)
B-345 Mogocha Komsomolsk na Amure 22 April 1993 06 October 1993 22 January 1994 active as of 2010
364 Yuan Zhend 64 Hao Nizhniy Novgorod ??? 1994 10 November 1994 active as of 2007
365 Yuan Zhend 65 Hao Nizhniy Novgorod ??? 1995 14 August 1995 active as of 2007
903 Yunes Saint Petersburg 05 February 1992 12 July 1994 02 September 1996 active as 2011[33](probably in modernization in Iranian shipyard)
S63 Sindhurakshak Saint Petersburg 16 February 1995 26 June 1997 02 October 1997 On 29 January 2013, theSindhurakshakbegan shipment to India from Severodvinsk, Russia after repairs. On 14 August 2013, there was an explosion and fire on theSindhurakshaksuspected to have occurred from the munitions onboard - killing 3 officers and 15 sailors at the Indian Navy's Dockyard at Mumbai Port. The submarine is reported to have been completely destroyed.
S65 Sindhurashtra Saint Petersburg 12 December 1998 14 October 1999 16 May 2000 active as of 2010

Project 636 – significant dates
# Name Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
366 Yuan Zheng 66 Hao Saint Petersburg 16 July 1996 26 April 1997 26 August 1997 active as of 2006
367 Yuan Zheng 67 Hao Saint Petersburg 28 August 1997 18 June 1998 25 October 1998 active as of 2006
368 Yuan Zheng 68 Hao Saint Petersburg 18 October 2002 27 May 2004 20 October 2004 active as of 2006
369 Yuan Zheng 69 Hao Saint Petersburg 18 October 2002 19 August 2004 2005 active as of 2006
370 Yuan Zheng 70 Hao Saint Petersburg 2004 5.2005 2005 active as of 2006
371 Yuan Zheng 71 Hao Saint Petersburg 2004 2005 2005 active as of 2006
372 Yuan Zheng 72 Hao Saint Petersburg 2005 2005 2006 active as of 2006
373 Yuan Zheng 73 Hao Nizhniy Novgorod 7.1992 08.05.2004 05.08.2005 active as of 2007
374 Yuan Zheng 74 Hao Severodvinsk 29 May 2003 21 May 2005 30 December 2005 active as of 2006
375 Yuan Zheng 75 Hao Severodvinsk 29 May 2003 14 July 2005 30 December 2005 active as of 2006
21 Messali el Hadj Saint Petersburg 2006 20 November 2008 28 August 2009 active
22 Akram Pacha Saint Petersburg 2007 09.04.2009 29 October 2009 active
B-261 Novorossiysk Saint Petersburg 20 August 2010 28 November 2013 22 August 2014 active
B-237 Rostov-on-Don Saint Petersburg 21 November 2011 26 June 2014 30.12.2014 active
B-262 Stary Oskol Saint Petersburg 17 August 2012 28.08.2014 pl.2015 laid down
B-265 Krasnodar Saint Petersburg 20.02.2014
pl.2015 laid down
B-268 Veliky Novgorod Saint Petersburg 30.10.2014
pl.2016 laid down
B-??? Kolpino Saint Petersburg 30.10.2014
pl.2016 laid down
HQ-182 Hà N?i Saint Petersburg 25 August 2010 28 August 2012 15 January 2014 active
HQ-183 H? Chí Minh City Saint Petersburg 28 September 2011 28 December 2012 4 April 2014 active
HQ-184 H?i Phòng Saint Petersburg
August 2013 pl.2014 Delivered
HQ-185 Ðà N?ng Saint Petersburg 2013 28 March 2014 pl.2015 Ready for launch
HQ-186 Khánh Hòa Saint Petersburg

pl.2016 laid down 
HQ-187 Bà R?a-Vung Tàu Saint Petersburg Late 2014
pl.2016 ordered

Class overview
Builders: Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering "Rubin"
Shipyard 199 "Krasnoe Sormovo", Nizhniy Novgorod (Gorkiy)
Shipyard 112,"imeni Leninskogo Komsomola", Komsololsk na Amure
Shipyard "Leningradskoe Admiralteyskoe Obedinenie" (Admiralteyskie Verfi), Saint Petersburg (Leningrad)
Shipyard "Severnoe Mašinostroitelnoe Predprijatie", Severodvinsk
Operators:  Soviet Navy
 Russian Navy
 People's Liberation Army Navy
 Indian Navy
 Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
 Polish Navy
 Romanian Naval Forces
 Algerian National Navy
 Vietnamese People's Navy
Preceded by: Tango-class submarine
Succeeded by: Lada-class submarine
In commission: April 1982
Building: 7
Completed: 57
Active: 48
Retired: 2
General characteristics
Displacement: Surfaced: 2,300–2,350 tons
Submerged:3,000-3,950 tons full load
Length: 70.0–74.0 m
Beam: 9.9 m
Draft: 6.5 m
Depth of hold: Operational: 240 meters
Maximum: 300 meters
Installed power: Diesel-electric
Propulsion: Diesel-electric propulsion
2 x 1000 kW Diesel generators
1 x 5,500–6,800 shp Propulsion motor
1 x fixed-pitch 6 or 7 bladedPropeller (6BL project 877) (7BL project 636)
Speed: Surfaced: 10–12 knots
Submerged: 17–25 knots
Range: With snorkel: 6,000–7,500 miles at 7 knots
Submerged: 400 miles at 3 knots
Full run: 12.7 miles at 21 knots
Endurance: 45 days
Test depth: 300 m
Complement: 52
Armament: 6/533 mm torpedo tubes
18 torpedoes
Club S anti-ship missiles (only on some export versions)
24 mines
8 SA-N-8 Gremlin or 8 SA-N-10 Gimlet Surface-to-air missiles(export submarines may not be equipped with air defense weapons)

End notes