Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier

The Kuznetsov class aircraft carriers (also known as the Kreml class) were built for the Soviet Navy. Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov serves today in the Russian Navy. The only other ship in the class, Varyag, had not yet been commissioned when the Soviet Union broke up in 1991. Ukraine sold the unfinished hull to China, where it was completed and commissioned as Liaoning.


Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier
Class Ship
Type Aircraft Carrier
Manufacturer Black Sea Shipyard
Production Period 1982 - 1988
Origin Russia (USSR)
Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1990
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Russia (USSR) 1990 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Black Sea Shipyard 1982 1988 2 View

Hull and flight deck

The hull design is derived from the 1982 Kiev-class,[5] but is larger. The flight deck, with an area of 14,700 square meters, is of a conventional angled-deck-carrier configuration, but equipped with a 12-degree ski-jump bow flight deck—instead of using aircraft catapults. This results in a configuration similar to that of the Royal Navy's Invincible-class aircraft carriers.

The shape of her flight deck is loosely similar to those of the U.S. Navy's and French Navy's aircraft carriers. Admiral Kuznetsov has a so-called "STOBAR" configuration: her flight deck is equipped with landing arrester-wires, but she has no catapults. The navalised Flanker has 12 hard points instead of ten and ordnance was limited to 6,500 kg (14,300 lb), because of the fighter's higher maximum takeoff weight (MTOW). Two aircraft elevators, on her starboard side forward and aft of her island, move her aircraft between her hangar deck and her flight deck.

Ships in Class

Name Namesake Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kuznetsov
(ex-Riga, ex-Leonid Brezhnev, ex-Tblisi)
Admiral Flota Sovietskogo Soyuza Nikolay Gerasimovich Kuznetsov Soviet Shipyard No. 444,Mykolaiv 1 April 1982 6 December 1985 25 December 1990 Active in Service
Liaoning
(ex-Riga, ex-Varyag)
Liaoning Province Soviet Shipyard No. 444,Mykolaiv 6 December 1985 4 December 1988 25 September 2012 Active in Service
Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov Nikolay Gerasimovich Kuznetsov Soviet Shipyard No. 444,Mykolaiv 1 April 1982 6 December 1985  25 December 1990  Active in Service

Name: Kuznetsov-class
Builders: Chernomorsky Shipyard 444
Operators:  Soviet Navy
 Russian Navy
 People's Liberation Army Navy
Built: 1982-1990
In commission: 25 December 1990 -
Completed: 2
Active: 2
General characteristics
Class & type: Heavy Aircraft Carrying Cruiser
Displacement: 43,000-tonnes, Light
53,000 - 55,200-tonnes, Standard
58,600 - 67,500-tonnes, Max
Length: 305 m (1,001 ft)
Beam: 72 m (236 ft)
Draught: 11 m (36 ft)
Propulsion: Steam turbines 80,000shp
200,000 shp (150,000 kW)
Speed: 29 kn (54 km/h; 33 mph)
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) @ 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph) 3,800 nmi (7,000 km; 4,400 mi) @ 29 kn (54 km/h; 33 mph)
Complement: 1500
Armament: 12 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) anti-ship missiles
192 3K95 Kinzhal (SA-N-9 Gauntlet) SAMs
8 Kashtan CIWS mounts
6 AK-630 AA guns
1 UDAV-1 ASW rocket launcher
Aircraft carried: 30-40
18-32 × fixed wing aircraft
17-24 × helicopters
Aviation facilities: Angled arrested landing flight deck
Bow ski jump

End notes