Kynda-class cruiser

The Project 58 Missile (literally "rocket") cruisers, known to NATO as the Kynda class and sometimes referred to as the Groznyy class, from the name of the first ship of the series to be constructed, were the first generation of Soviet missile cruisers and represented a considerable advance for the Soviet Navy. Their main role was anti-surface warfare using the SS-N-3b 'Shaddock' missile. The design proved top-heavy and was soon succeeded by the larger Kresta I class, but the Kyndas stayed in service until the fall of the Soviet Union.


Country Name Origin Year
Russia (USSR) 1961
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Russia (USSR) 1962 2002 View

Ships

The ships were ordered in 1956 and laid down in 1960-61. All four ships were built by the Zhdanov yard in Leningrad. Initially classed as destroyers and given traditional destroyer names, they were redesignated as Rocket Cruisers and renamed in September 1962. A total of 10 ships were planned but only four were built and the last six were replaced by the larger Kresta I class ships.

Grozny (Formidable) 

  • Laid down 23 February 1960
  • Launched 26 March 1961
  • Completed 30 December 1962,
  • Served in the Baltic Fleet
  • Scrapped 1991

Admiral Fokin

  • Laid down as Steregushchiy (watchful) on 5 October 1960
  • Launched 19 November 1961
  • completed 1964,
  • Served in the Pacific Fleet
  • scrapped 1993

Admiral Golovko 

  • Laid down as Doblestnyi (valarous) on 20 April 1960,
  • Launched 18 July 1962
  • Renamed on 31st October 1962 after Arseniy Golovko,
  • Completed 1964.
  • From 1995 to 1997 she served as flagship of the Black Sea fleet, before being deactivated and removed from service in 2002.

Varyag 

  • Laid down as Soobrazitelny (shrewd) on 13 October 1961
  • Launched 7 April 1963
  • Completed 1965
  • Served in the Pacific Fleet
  • Decommissioned 1990. This ship was featured in a Soviet TV documentary in the late 1970s. There were plans to preserve her as a museum.

Name: Kynda class
Builders: Zhdanov, Leningrad
Operators:  Soviet Navy
 Russian Navy
Succeeded by: Kresta I class
In service: 1962 - 2002
Completed: 4
Laid up: Admiral Golovko
General characteristics
Type: Cruiser
Displacement: 4,400 tons standard, 5,500 tons full load
Length: 141.7 m (465 ft) - 141.9 m (466 ft)
Beam: 15.8 m (52 ft)
Draught: 5.3 m (17 ft)
Propulsion: 4 boilers
2 steam turbines
100,000 shp
Speed: 34 kn (63 km/h; 39 mph)
Range: 2,000 nmi (3,700 km; 2,300 mi) at 34 kn (63 km/h; 39 mph)
7,000 nmi (13,000 km; 8,100 mi) at 14.5 kn (26.9 km/h; 16.7 mph)
Complement: 390
Armament: ASM: 2x4 SS-N-3b (8+8 missiles)
SAM: 1 twin SA-N-1 'Goa' launcher (16 missiles)
Guns: 2x2 76mm, 4x 30mm
ASW: 2× RBU-6000 launchers
Torpedoes: 2x3 533mm tubes
Aviation facilities: Helicopter platform

End notes