Lupo-class frigate

The Lupo class is a class of frigates built by Cantieri Navali Riuniti (CNR) for the Italian Navy. Designed as multipurpose warships with emphasis on anti-surface warfare (ASuW), they have enjoyed some success in the export market, being acquired by the navies of Peru and Venezuela. A small run of a slightly updated version is known as the Soldati class.

Lupo-class frigate
Class Ship
Type Frigate
Manufacturer Fincantieri
Production Period 1982 - 1985
Origin Italy
Country Name Origin Year
Italy 1977
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Bolivia 1977 View
Italy 1977 View
Peru 1977 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Cantieri Navali del Tirreno and Gathered 1977 1979 2 View
SIMA Peru 1974 1984 2 View
Fincantieri 1982 1985 4 View
Cantiere navale di Riva Trigoso 1974 1980 17 View

In the early 1970s, the Marina Militare faced an increased Soviet naval presence in the Mediterranean Sea which constituted a threat to its sea lines of communication as well as to its extensive coastline. To parry this menace, Italy started a naval expansion program which included frigates focused on ASuW (Lupo class) and on ASW (Maestrale class).

For the first part of the requirement, CNR presented a design for a 2,500-ton frigate with a high speed and a heavy weapons load. The ship employed a CODOG propulsion plant to achieve 35 knots, making it one of the fastest warships at the time. Armament included 8 SSMs, 8 SAMs, several gun systems, 2 triple torpedo tubes and an ASW helicopter, which was equivalent to that carried by larger warships. Lupo-class frigates have a crew of around 200.

Lupo class
Pennant number Ship Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
F 564 Lupo Cantieri Navali Riuniti, Riva Trigoso 11 October 1974 29 July 1976 12 September 1977 Transferred to Peru, renamed Palacios
F 565 Sagittario 4 February 1976 22 June 1977 18 November 1978 Transferred to Peru, renamed Quiñones
F 566 Perseo 28 February 1977 12 July 1978 1 March 1980 Transferred to Peru, renamed Bolognesi
F 567 Orsa Cantieri Navali Riuniti, Muggiano 1 August 1977 1 March 1979 1 March 1980 Transferred to Peru, renamed Aguirre
Soldati class
Pennant number Ship Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
F 582 Artigliere (ex-Hittin) Fincantieri, Ancona 31 March 1982 27 July 1983 28 October 1994 Placed in reserve
F 583 Aviere (ex-Thi Qar) 3 September 1982 19 December 1984 4 January 1995 In active service
F 584 Bersagliere (ex-Al Yarmouk) Fincantieri, Riva Trigoso 12 March 1984 18 April 1985 8 November 1995 In active service
F 585 Granatiere {ex-Al Qadisiya) Fincantieri, Ancona 1 December 1983 1 June 1985 20 March 1996 In active service
Carvajal class
Pennant number Ship Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
FM-51 Carvajal Cantieri Navali Riuniti, Riva Trigoso 8 August 1974 17 November 1976 5 February 1979 Transferred to Peruvian Coast Guard in 2013, renamed Guardiamarina San Martin
FM-52 Villavisencio 6 October 1976 7 February 1978 25 June 1979 Active in service
FM-53 Montero SIMA, Callao October 1978 8 October 1982 25 July 1984 Active in service
FM-54 Mariátegui 1979 8 October 1984 10 October 1987 Active in service
ex-Italian Lupo class
FM-55 Aguirre (ex-Orsa) Cantieri Navali Riuniti, Muggiano 1 August 1977 1 March 1979

FM-56 Palacios (ex-Lupo) Cantieri Navali Riuniti, Riva Trigoso 11 October 1974 29 July 1976

FM-57 Bolognesi (ex-Perseo) 28 February 1977 12 July 1978

FM-58 Quiñones (ex-Sagittario) 4 February 1976 22 June 1977

Mariscal Sucre class
Pennant
number
Ship Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
F-21 Mariscal Sucre Cantieri Navali Riuniti, Riva Trigoso 19 November 1976 28 September 1978 10 May 1980
F-22 Almirante Brión June 1977 22 February 1979 7 March 1981
F-23 General Urdeneta 23 January 1978 23 March 1979 8 August 1981
F-24 General Soublette 26 August 1978 4 January 1980 5 December 1981
F-25 General Salom 7 November 1978 13 January 1980 3 April 1982
F-26 Almirante Garcia (ex-José Felix Ribas) 21 August 1979 4 October 1980 30 July 1982

Name: Lupo class
Builders: Cantieri Navali Riuniti (CNR)
Fincantieri
SIMA
Operators:  Marina Militare
 Peruvian Navy
 Bolivarian Armada of Venezuela
Preceded by: Alpino class
Succeeded by: Maestrale class
Subclasses: Carvajal class
Mariscal Sucre class
Artigliere (Soldati) class
In commission: 1977
Planned: 18
Completed: 18
Active: 17
Laid up: 1
General characteristics
Type: guided missile frigate
Displacement: 2,506 tonnes (2,986 tonnes full load)
Length: 113.2 m (371 ft)
Beam: 11.3 m (37 ft)
Draft: 3.7 m (12 ft)
Propulsion: 2-shaft CODOG system
2 GE / Fiat LM2500 gas turbines50,000 shp (37 MW)
2 GMT A230-20 diesel engines7,800 shp (5.8 MW)
Speed: 35 kn (65 km/h) with gas turbines
21 kn (39 km/h) with diesels
Range: 4,300 nmi (8,000 km) at 16 kn (30 km/h)
Complement: 185 (20 officers)
Sensors and
processing systems:
SADOC 2 combat management system
1 SPS-774 (RAN-10S) early warning radar
1 SPQ-2F CORA OTH surface search radar
1 SPS-702 (or RAN-11L/X) air/surface search radar
1 SPG-70 (RTN-10X) fire control radar
1 Mk 95 fire control radar
2 SPG-74 (RTN-20X) fire control radar
1 SPN-748 navigation radar
1 DE 1160B (SQS-56) hull sonar
Electronic warfare
and decoys:
SLR-4 ESM system
SLQ-D ECM system
SLQ-25 Nixie torpedo decoy
2 SCLAR decoy launchers
Armament: 8 Otomat Mk 2 SSMs
1 Mk.29 octuple launcher forSea Sparrow/Aspide SAM
2 Mark 32 triple torpedo tubes
1 OTO Melara 127/54 mm gun
2 OTO Melara Twin 40L70DARDO compact gun
Aircraft carried: 1 AB-212ASW helicopter
Aviation facilities: Flight deck: 25.2 m × 11.3 m (83 ft × 37 ft)
Telescopic hangar for 1 medium helicopter.

End notes