Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate

The Oliver Hazard Perry class is a class of frigates named after the American Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, the hero of the naval Battle of Lake Erie. Also known as the Perry or FFG-7 class, the warships were designed in the United States in the mid-1970s as general-purpose escort vessels inexpensive enough to be bought in large quantities to replace World War II-era destroyers and complement 1960s-era Knox class frigates. The FFG-7s were the low capability ships to provide numbers with the Spruance destroyers the high capability ships for 1970s construction, in Admiral Zumwalt's, high low fleet plan. Intended to protect amphibious landing forces, supply and replenishment groups, and merchant convoys from aircraft and submarines, they also later were part of battleship-centric surface action groups and aircraft carrier battle groups/strike groups. Fifty-five ships were built in the United States: 51 for the United States Navy and four for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). In addition, eight were built in Taiwan, six in Spain, and two in Australia for their navies. Former U.S. Navy warships of this class have been sold or donated to the navies of Bahrain, Egypt, Poland, Pakistan, and Turkey.

The Navy built 51 of the Oliver Hazard Perry frigates, with the first going into service in 1977, and the last to be finally moth-balled, or transferred to other navies for continued service, in 2015. Some of the U.S. Navy's frigates, such as USS Duncan (14.6 years in service) had fairly short careers, while a few lasted as long as 30+ years in active U.S. service, and some lasting even longer after being sold or donated to other navies.


Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate
Class Ship
Type Frigate
Manufacturer Bath Iron Works
Production Period 1975 - 1986
Origin United States of America
Country Name Origin Year
United States of America 1976
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Australia 1992 View
China 1977 View
Egypt 1977 View
Pakistan 1977 View
Poland 1977 View
Spain 1986 View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) 1977 View
United States of America 1977 View
Taiwan 1993 View
Bahrain 1977 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Tenix 1985 1992 2 View
Navantia 1982 1993 6 View
China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation 1990 2002 8 View
Bath Iron Works 1975 1986 24 View
Todd SB & DD Co. of Tacoma 1977 1983 31 View

The ships were designed by the Bath Iron Works shipyard in Maine in partnership with the New York-based naval architects Gibbs & Cox.

The Oliver Hazard Perry-class ships were produced in 445-foot (136 m) long "short-hull" (Flight I) and 453-foot (138 m) long "long-hull" (Flight III) variants. The long-hull ships (FFG 8, 28, 29, 32, 33, and 36-61) carry the larger SH-60 Seahawk LAMPS III helicopters, while the short-hulled warships carry the smaller and less-capable SH-2 Seasprite LAMPS I. Aside from the lengths of their hulls, the principal difference between the versions is the location of the aft capstan: on long-hull ships, it sits a step below the level of the flight deck in order to provide clearance for the tail rotor of the longer Seahawk helicopters. The long-hull ships also carry the RAST (Recovery Assist Securing and Traversing) system for the Seahawk, a hook, cable, and winch system that can reel in a Seahawk from a hovering flight, expanding the ship's pitch-and-roll range in which flight operations are permitted. The FFG 8, 29, 32, and 33 were built as "short-hull" warships but were later modified into "long-hull" warships. Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates were the second class of surface ship (after the Spruance-class destroyers) in the US Navy to be built with gas turbine propulsion. The gas turbine propulsion plant was more automated than other Navy propulsion plants at the time and could be centrally monitored and controlled from a remote engineering control center away from the engines. The gas turbine propulsion plants also allowed the ship's speed to be controlled directly from the bridge via a throttle control, a first for the US Navy.

American shipyards constructed Oliver Hazard Perry-class ships for the U.S. Navy and the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Early American-built Australian ships were originally built as the "short-hull" version, but they were modified during the 1980s to the "long-hull" design. Shipyards in Australia, Spain, and Taiwan have produced several warships of the "long-hull" design for their navies.

Although the per-ship costs rose greatly[citation needed] over the period of production, all 51 ships planned for the U.S. Navy were built. Some Oliver Hazard Perry-class warships are planned to remain in American service for years, but some of the older ships have been decommissioned and some scrapped. Others of these decommissioned ships have been transferred to the navies of other countries, including Bahrain, Egypt, Poland, Pakistan, and Turkey. Several of these have replaced old Second World War-built American destroyers that had been given to those countries.

During the design phase of the Oliver Hazard Perry class, head of the Royal Corps of Naval Constructors, R.J. Daniels, was invited by an old friend, US Chief of the Bureau of Ships, Adm Robert C Gooding, to advise upon the use of variable-pitch propellers in the class. During the course of this conversation, Daniels warned Gooding against the use of aluminium in the superstructure of the FFG-7 class as he believed it would lead to structural weaknesses. A number of ships subsequently developed structural cracks, including a 40 ft (12 m) fissure in USS Duncan, before the problems were remedied.

The Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates were designed primarily as anti-aircraft and anti-submarine warfare guided-missile warships intended to provide open-ocean escort of amphibious warfare ships and merchant ship convoys in moderate threat environments in a potential war with the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries. They could also provide air defense against 1970s- and 1980s-era aircraft and anti-ship missiles. These warships are equipped to escort and protect aircraft carrier battle groups, amphibious landing groups, underway replenishment groups, and merchant ship convoys. They can conduct independent operations to perform such tasks as surveillance of illegal drug smugglers, maritime interception operations, and exercises with other nations.

The addition of the Naval Tactical Data System, LAMPS helicopters, and the Tactical Towed Array System (TACTAS) gave these warships a combat capability far beyond the original expectations. They are well-suited for the littoral regions and most war-at-sea scenarios.

Ships in Class

U.S. Build

Ship Name Hull No. Builder Commission–
Decommission
Fate
Oliver Hazard Perry FFG-7 Bath Iron Works 1977–1997 Disposed of by scrapping, dismantling, 21 April 2006
McInerney FFG-8 Bath Iron Works 1979–2010 Transferred to Pakistan as PNS Alamgir (F-260)
Wadsworth FFG-9 Todd Pacific Shipyards (Todd), San Pedro 1978–2002 Transferred to Poland as ORP Gen. T. Kosciuszko (273)
Duncan FFG-10 Todd, Seattle 1980–1994 Transferred to Turkey as a parts hulk
Clark FFG-11 Bath Iron Works 1980–2000 Transferred to Poland as ORP Gen. K. Pulaski (272)
George Philip FFG-12 Todd, San Pedro 1980–2003 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 24 May 2004
Samuel Eliot Morison FFG-13 Bath Iron Works 1980–2002 Transferred to Turkey as TCG Gokova (F 496)
Sides FFG-14 Todd, San Pedro 1981–2003 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 24 May 2004
Estocin FFG-15 Bath Iron Works 1981–2003 Transferred to Turkey as TCG Goksu (F 497)
Clifton Sprague FFG-16 Bath Iron Works 1981–1995 Transferred to Turkey as TCG Gaziantep (F 490)
built for Australia asHMAS Adelaide FFG-17 Todd, Seattle 1980–2008 Disposed, sunk as diving & fishing reef, 13 April 2011
built for Australia asHMAS Canberra FFG-18 Todd, Seattle 1981–2005 Disposed, sunk as diving & fishing reef, 4 October 2009
John A. Moore FFG-19 Todd, San Pedro 1981–2000 Transferred to Turkey as TCG Gediz (F 495)
Antrim FFG-20 Todd, Seattle 1981–1996 Transferred to Turkey as TCG Giresun (F 491)
Flatley FFG-21 Bath Iron Works 1981–1996 Transferred to Turkey as TCG Gemlik (F 492))
Fahrion FFG-22 Todd, Seattle 1982–1998 Transferred to Egypt as Sharm El-Sheik (F 901)
Lewis B. Puller FFG-23 Todd, San Pedro 1982–1998 Transferred to Egypt as Toushka (F 906)
Jack Williams FFG-24 Bath Iron Works 1981–1996 Transferred to Bahrain as RBNS Sabha (FFG-90)
Copeland FFG-25 Todd, San Pedro 1982–1996 Transferred to Egypt as Mubarak (F 911), renamedAlexandria in 2011
Gallery FFG-26 Bath Iron Works 1981–1996 Transferred to Egypt as Taba (F 916)
Mahlon S. Tisdale FFG-27 Todd, San Pedro 1982–1996 Transferred to Turkey as TCG Gokceada (F 494)
Boone FFG-28 Todd, Seattle 1982–2012 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 23 February 2012
Stephen W. Groves FFG-29 Bath Iron Works 1982–2012 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 24 February 2012
Reid FFG-30 Todd, San Pedro 1983–1998 Transferred to Turkey as TCG Gelibolu (F 493)
Stark FFG-31 Todd, Seattle 1982–1999 Disposed of by scrapping, dismantling, 21 June 2006
John L. Hall FFG-32 Bath Iron Works 1982–2012 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 9 March 2012
Jarrett FFG-33 Todd, San Pedro 1983–2011 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 26 May 2011
Aubrey Fitch FFG-34 Bath Iron Works 1982–1997 Disposed of by scrapping, dismantling, 19 May 2005
built for Australia asHMAS Sydney FFG-35 Todd, Seattle 1983- In active service (Royal Australian Navy)
Underwood FFG-36 Bath Iron Works 1983-2013 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 8 March 2013
Crommelin FFG-37 Todd, Seattle 1983-2012 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 26 October 2012
Curts FFG-38 Todd, San Pedro 1983-2013 Decommissioned, on hold for foreign military sale, 25 January 2013
Doyle FFG-39 Bath Iron Works 1983-2011 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 29 July 2011
Halyburton FFG-40 Todd, Seattle 1983-2014 Decommissioned 6 September 2014
McClusky FFG-41 Todd, San Pedro 1983-2015 Decommissioned 9 January 2015
Klakring FFG-42 Bath Iron Works 1983–2013 Decommissioned, on hold for foreign military sale, 22 March 2013
Thach FFG-43 Todd, San Pedro 1984-2013 Decommissioned, on hold for foreign military sale, 1 November 2013
built for Australia asHMAS Darwin FFG-44 Todd, Seattle 1984- In active service (Royal Australian Navy)
De Wert FFG-45 Bath Iron Works 1983-2014 Decommissioned, on hold for foreign military sale, 4 April 2014
Rentz FFG-46 Todd, San Pedro 1984-2014 Decommissioned, on hold for foreign military sale, 9 May 2014
Nicholas FFG-47 Bath Iron Works 1984-2014 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 17 March 2014
Vandegrift FFG-48 Todd, Seattle 1984-2015 Decommissioned 19 February 2015
Robert G. Bradley FFG-49 Bath Iron Works 1984-2014 Decommissioned, on hold for foreign military sale, 28 March 2014
Taylor FFG-50 Bath Iron Works 1984-2015 In active service, to be decommissioned May 2015
Gary FFG-51 Todd, San Pedro 1984-2015 In active service, to be decommissioned August 2015
Carr FFG-52 Todd, Seattle 1985-2013 Decommissioned, on hold for foreign military sale, 13 March 2013
Hawes FFG-53 Bath Iron Works 1985–2010 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 10 December 2010
Ford FFG-54 Todd, San Pedro 1985-2013 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 31 October 2013
Elrod FFG-55 Bath Iron Works 1985-2015 Decommissioned, on hold for foreign military sale, 30 January 2015
Simpson FFG-56 Bath Iron Works 1985-2015 In active service, to be decommissioned August 2015
Reuben James FFG-57 Todd, San Pedro 1986-2013 Decommissioned, to be disposed of, 30 August 2013
Samuel B. Roberts FFG-58 Bath Iron Works 1986-2015 In active service, to be decommissioned May 2015
Kauffman FFG-59 Bath Iron Works 1987- In active service, to be decommissioned September 2015
Rodney M. Davis FFG-60 Todd, San Pedro 1987-2015 Decommissioned 23 January 2015, scheduled for dismantling
Ingraham FFG-61 Todd, San Pedro 1989-2014 Decommissioned 12 November 201

Ship Name Hull No. Builder Commission–
Decommission
Fate
Australian-built
HMAS Melbourne FFG 05 Australian Marine Engineering Consolidated (AMECON), Williamstown, Victoria 1992- In active service
HMAS Newcastle FFG 06 AMECON, Williamstown 1993- In active service
Spanish-built
Santa María F81 Bazan, Ferrol 1986- In active service
Victoria F82 Bazan, Ferrol 1987- In active service
Numancia F83 Bazan, Ferrol 1989- In active service
Reina Sofía F84 Bazan, Ferrol 1990- In active service
Navarra F85 Bazan, Ferrol 1994- In active service
Canarias F86 Bazan, Ferrol 1994- In active service
Taiwan-built (Republic of China)
ROCS Cheng Kung PFG-1101 China Shipbuilding, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1993- In active service
ROCS Cheng Ho PFG-1103 China Shipbuilding, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1994- In active service
ROCS Chi Kuang PFG-1105 China Shipbuilding, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1995- In active service
ROCS Yueh Fei PFG-1106 China Shipbuilding, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1996- In active service
ROCS Tzu I PFG-1107 China Shipbuilding, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1997- In active service
ROCS Pan Chao PFG-1108 China Shipbuilding, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1997- In active service
ROCS Chang Chien PFG-1109 China Shipbuilding, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1998- In active service
ROCS Tian Dan PFG-1110 China Shipbuilding, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 2004- In active service

Name: Oliver Hazard Perry
Builders: Bath Iron Works
Todd Pacific Shipyards San Pedro
Todd Pacific Shipyards Seattle
Australian Marine Engineering Consolidated
Bazan
China Shipbuilding
Operators:  United States Navy
 Royal Australian Navy
 Royal Bahrain Naval Force
 Republic of China Navy
 Egyptian Navy
 Pakistan Navy
 Polish Navy
 Spanish Navy
 Turkish Navy
Preceded by: Brooke-class frigate
Succeeded by: Freedom-class littoral combat ship
Independence-class littoral combat ship
Subclasses: Adelaide class (Australia)
Santa María class (Spain)
Cheng Kung class (Taiwan)
Built: 1975–2004
In commission: 1977–present
Completed: 71
Active: 5 (US Navy)
General characteristics
Type: Frigate
Displacement: 4,100 long tons (4,200 t) full load
Length: 408 ft (124 m) waterline,
445 ft (136 m) overall,
453 ft (138 m) for "long-hull" frigates
Beam: 45 ft (14 m)
Draft: 22 ft (6.7 m)
Propulsion: 2 × General Electric LM2500-30 gas turbines generating 41,000 shp (31 MW) through a single shaft andvariable pitch propeller
2 × Auxiliary Propulsion Units, 350 hp (260 kW) retractable electricazimuth thrusters for maneuvering and docking.
Speed: over 29 knots (54 km/h)
Range: 4,500 nmi (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Complement: 176
Sensors and
processing systems:
Radar: AN/SPS-49, AN/SPS-55,Mk 92 fire control system
Sonar: SQS-56, SQR-19 Towed Array
Electronic warfare
and decoys:
SLQ-32(V)2, Flight III with sidekick,
Mark 36 SRBOC
AN/SLQ-25 Nixie
Armament: One single-arm Mk 13 Missile Launcher with a 40-missile magazine that contains SM-1MRanti-aircraft guided missiles andHarpoon anti-ship missiles. Removed from the U.S. Navy ships starting in 2003, due to the retirement of the SM-1 missile from American service
Mk 38 Mod 2 Naval Gun Systemsinstalled on platforms over the removed MK 13 launchers
Two triple Mark 32 Anti-submarine warfare torpedo tubes with Mark 46or Mark 50 anti-submarine warfaretorpedoes
One OTO Melara 76 mm/62 caliber naval gun
One 20 mm Phalanx CIWS rapid-fire cannon
Eight Hsiung Feng II SSM or four HF-2 and 4 HF-3 supersonic AShM, plus 2 Bofors 40mm/L70 guns (on Taiwanese vessels only)
Aircraft carried: Two LAMPS multi-purpose helicopters (the SH-2 SeaspriteLAMPS I on the short-hulled ships or the SH-60 Seahawk LAMPS IIIon the long-hulled ships)

End notes