Type 053 frigate

The Type 053 frigates were a family of Chinese ships that served with the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force, and a small number of foreign navies. The Type 053 was developed from the Soviet Riga-class frigates after the Sino–Soviet split.

The designation of ships and subclasses is somewhat confusing. Chinese nomenclature temporarily changed during the Cultural Revolution, and some subclasses gained different NATO reporting names.

This article covers the entire Type 053 family except for the final two subclasses, the Type 053H2G and Type 053H3 frigates.


Type 053 frigate
Class Ship
Type Frigate
Manufacturer Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding
Production Period 1971 - 1989
Origin China
Country Name Origin Year
China 1971
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Bangladesh 1974 View
China 1974 View
Egypt 1974 View
Thailand (Siam) 1974 View
Myanmar 1974 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
Jiangnan Shipyard 1971 1993 6 View
Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding 1971 1989 28 View

Ships in Class

 Number   Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
1 531 Yingtan Hudong October 1971 March 1975 East Sea Fleet Decommissioned in July 1994. Preserved as a museum ship.
2 532
Qiuxin May 1975 July 1977 East Sea Fleet Decommissioned in June 1986. Scrapped.
3 516 Jiujiang Hudong 28 June 1975 31 December 1975 East Sea Fleet Ex-Changsha, renamed on 1 August 1981. Active. Converted into fire support ship with MRL's in 2002.
4 515 Xiamen Hudong 27 October 1975 31 December 1975 East Sea Fleet Decommissioned in August 2013. Preserved as a museum ship.
5 517 Nanping Hudong 16 April 1976 31 October 1977 East Sea Fleet Active. Transferred to Chinese Naval Academy as training ship in 2012.
6 511 Nantong Hudong 9 November 1976 31 March 1977 East Sea Fleet Decommissioned in August 2012.
7 513 Huai'an Hudong 19 April 1977 31 December 1977 East Sea Fleet Ex-Huaiyin, renamed on 20 December 2006. Decommissioned on 20 May 2013. Transferred to University of Naval Engineering as training ship.
8 512 Wuxi Hudong 27 July 1977 14 December 1978 East Sea Fleet Decommissioned on 16 August 2012.
9 514 Zhenjiang Hudong 11 February 1978 25 January 1979 East Sea Fleet Decommissioned on 12 May 2013.
10 518 Ji'an Hudong 10 July 1978 31 March 1979 South Sea Fleet Decommissioned in 2012.[21]
11 510 Shaoxing Hudong 26 January 1979 30 June 1979 South Sea Fleet Decommissioned in March 2007. Transferred to Coast Guard as Coast Guard Patrol Ship #1003.
12 509 Changde Hudong 29 April 1979 30 September 1979 South Sea Fleet Decommissioned in March 2007. Transferred to Coast Guard as Coast Guard Patrol Ship #1002.
13 519 Changzhi Hudong 24 July 1979 16 December 1979 North Sea Fleet Active. Reserved as an experiment platform.
14 520 Kaifeng Hudong 7 October 1979 28 June 1980 North Sea Fleet Decommissioned in 1992. Running aground on reef in 1985. Scrapped.
15 551 Maoming Hudong 10 May 1980 30 September 1980 South Sea Fleet Decommissioned in October 2012. Scrapped.
16 552 Yibin Hudong 17 July 1980 19 December 1980 South Sea Fleet Decommissioned in October 2012. Scrapped.
17 533 Taizhou Hudong 13 December 1981 30 June 1982 East Sea Fleet Active. Ex-Ningbo, Renamed on 6 March 2003. Transferred to South Sea Fleet.
18 534 Jinhua Hudong 21 May 1982 13 December 1982 East Sea Fleet Active. Transferred to South Sea Fleet.
19 543 Dandong Hudong 25 January 1985 30 May 1985 North Sea Fleet Active. Transferred to South Sea Fleet.
20 553 Shaoguan Hudong 2 May 1985 24 September 1985 South Sea Fleet Active.
21 554 Anshun Hudong 10 March 1986 27 June 1986 South Sea Fleet Decommissioned in March 2012. Transferred to Burmese Navy as F21 UMSMahar Bandoola.
22 555 Zhaotong Hudong 7 September 1986 24 March 1987 South Sea Fleet Active.
23 545  Linfen Hudong 9 November 1986 30 September 1987 North Sea Fleet Active.Transferred to South Sea Fleet.
24 556 Xiangtan Hudong 14 July 1987 20 December 1987 South Sea Fleet Decommissioned in 1989. Transferred to Bangladesh Navy as BNS Osman (F18).
25 557 Jishou Hudong 8 November 1987 15 June 1988 South Sea Fleet Decommissioned in March 2012. Transferred to Burmese Navy as F23 UMSMahar Thiha Thura.
26 544 Lushun Hudong 29 September 1985 24 December 1985 North Sea Fleet Ex-Siping, Renamed on 28 July 2010. Active. Transferred to Chinese Naval Academy as training ship in 2010.
27 535 Huangshi Hudong 28 December 1985 15 December 1986 East Sea Fleet Decommissioned in April 2013. Sold to Bangladesh Navy as BNS Abu Bakar (F15).
28 536 Wuhu Hudong 9 August 1986 29 December 1987 East Sea Fleet Decommissioned in April 2013. Sold to Bangladesh Navy as BNS Ali Haider (F17).
29 537 Cangzhou Hudong 30 October 1989 17 November 1990 East Sea Fleet Active. Ex-Zhoushan, Renamed in 31 July 2006. Transferred to North Sea Fleet
30 558 Beihai Huangpu January 1993 May 1993 East Sea Fleet Ex-Zigong. Active.
31 560 Dongguan Huangpu March 1993 October 1993 South Sea Fleet Active
32 561 Shantou Huangpu
October 1993 South Sea Fleet Active.
33 559 Foshan Huangpu December 1993 June 1994 East Sea Fleet Active
34 562 Jiangmen Huangpu
1995 South Sea Fleet Active.
35 563 Zhaoqing Huangpu
1995 South Sea Fleet Active.

Builders: Hudong Shipyard
Jiangnan Shipyard
Operators: People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force
Bangladesh Navy
Egyptian Navy
Royal Thai Navy
Myanmar Navy
Succeeded by: Type 054
Subclasses: Type 053H Jianghu-I
Type 053H1 Jianghu-II
Type 053H2 Jianghu-III
Type 053H1Q Jianghu-IV
Type 053H1G Jianghu-V
Type 053H2G Jiangwei-I
Type 053H3 Jiangwei-II
Najim al Zafir
Chao Praya
In service: 1974
Completed: 53
Active: China: 13
Egypt: 2
Thailand: 4
Bangladesh: 3
Burma: 2
Retired: 11
General characteristics
Class and type: 53
Type: Frigate
Displacement: 1,700 to 2,000 tons
Length: 103 to 112 m
Beam: 10 to 12 m
Draught: 3 to 4 m
Propulsion: 2 to 4 diesel engines
16,000 to 22,000 shp
Speed: 32 knots 
Range: 7408km (4000nm)
Complement: 160 to 200
Armament: Many variations amongst sub-classes
Aircraft carried: Some carry 1 helicopter: Harbin Z-9C

End notes