Type 214 submarine

The Type 214 is a diesel-electric submarine developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft GmbH (HDW). It features diesel propulsion with an air-independent propulsion (AIP) system using Siemens polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) hydrogen fuel cells. The Type 214 submarine is derived from the Type 212, but as an export variant it lacks some of the classified technologies of its smaller predecessor most important of which is the non magnetic steel hull which makes the Type 212 submarine impossible to detect using a magnetic anomaly detector.

A contract to build three boats for the Hellenic Navy was signed 15 February 2000 and a fourth one was ordered in June 2002. The first boat was built at HDW in Kiel, Germany and the rest at the Hellenic Shipyards Co. in Skaramangas, Greece. The Hellenic Navy named them the Papanikolis class.

The Republic of Korea Navy has ordered nine Type 214 submarines, designated as Son Won-Il class, to be built in Korea by Hyundai Heavy Industries and Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering; three first batch models had entered service since 2007, and six second batch models will enter service from 2012.

Due to improvements in the pressure hull materials, the Type 214 can dive nearly 400 meters. The Type 214 can carry food, fresh water and fuel for 84 days of operation.


Type 214 submarine
Class Ship
Type Submarine
Manufacturer Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft
Production Period 2001 - 2010
Origin Korea
Country Name Origin Year
Korea 2004
Country Name Operational Year Retirement Year
Greece 2010 View
Korea 2007 View
Portugal 2010 View
ManufacturerName Production From Production To Quantity
STX Offshore & Shipbuilding 2012 1 View
Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering 2008 2015 2 View
Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft 2001 2010 3 View
Hellenic Shipyards Co. 2003 2007 5 View
Hyundai Heavy Industries 2002 2015 6 View

Ships in Class

Country Pennant Name Laid down Launch Date Commission Date Builder
 Greece

2000 4 Boats
2010 2 Boats
Contract
S 120 Papanikolis 27 February 2001 April 2004 2 November 2010 Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft
S 121 Pipinos February 2003 October 2006 1st semester of 2015 Hellenic Shipyards Co.
S 122 Matrozos February 2004 November 2007 pending Hellenic Shipyards Co.
S 123 Katsonis 2005 2007 pending Hellenic Shipyards Co.
unknown



Hellenic Shipyards Co.
unknown



Hellenic Shipyards Co.
 Republic of Korea

2000 3 Boats
2008 6 Boats
Contract
SS 072 Son Won-il October 2002 9 June 2006 27 December 2007 Hyundai Heavy Industries
SS 073 Jeong Ji 2004 13 June 2007 2 December 2008 Hyundai Heavy Industries
SS 075 An Jung-geun
4 June 2008 1 December 2009 Hyundai Heavy Industries
SS 076 Kim Jwa-Jin 2008 13 August 2013 30 December 2014 Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering
SS 077 Yun Bong-gil 2009 3 July 2014 Late 2015 Hyundai Heavy Industries
SS 078 Ryu Gwansun 2010 1 March 2015 November 2016 Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering
SS 079
2011 2015
Hyundai Heavy Industries
SS 081
2012 2017
STX Offshore & Shipbuilding
SS 082
2013 2017 2018 Hyundai Heavy Industries
 Portugal
2010 2 Boats
S 160 NRPTridente 2005
May 2010 Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft
S 161 NRP Arpão 2005
preliminary delivery in December 2010, final delivery in 28 April 2011 Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft

Class overview
Builders: Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft
Hellenic Shipyards Co.
Hyundai Heavy Industries
Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering
Gölcük Naval Shipyard
Operators:  Republic of Korea Navy
 Hellenic Navy
 Portuguese Navy
Subclasses: Tridente-class submarine
Cost: $330 million (2008)
In service: 2007
Building: 2
Planned: 15
Completed: 9
Active: 6
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,690 t (surfaced), 1,860 t(submerged)
Length: 213 feet 3 inches (65.0 m)
Beam: 20 feet 8 inches (6.3 m)
Draught: 19 feet 8 inches (6.0 m)
Propulsion: Diesel-electric, fuel cell AIP, low noise skew back propeller
Speed: 12 kt surfaced
20 kt submerged
Range: 12,000 miles (19,300 km) surfaced
420 nmi (780 km) @ 8 kt
1,248 nmi (2,311 km) @ 4 kt
Endurance: 84 days
Test depth: 250m (400m theoretical)
Complement: 5 officers + 22 crew
Armament: (8) 533 mm torpedo tubes, (4) subharpoon-capable

End notes